` Donbass Roots of Violence and Division But Who Really Founded the Capital but a Welsh Engineer ‘

#AceHistory2Research – UKRAINE – April 22 – When President Vladimir Putin described Donetsk as “Novorossia” in his call-in show late last week and stressed the region’s ties to Russia, he left out the fact that the region’s capital was actually founded by a Welsh engineer and entrepreneur named John Hughes.

Imagine the scene. It is 1870 and a hundred ironworkers from Merthyr Tydfil, Dowlais and Rhymney suddenly find themselves in the wilds of Czarist Russia, in the area we now know as the Ukraine.

“This is Novorossia: Kharkov, Luhansk, Donetsk, Kherson, Mykolaiv, Odessa did not belong to Ukraine in tsarist times,” Putin said. “All these territories were transferred to Ukraine in the 1920’s by the Soviet government.

But what exactly is Donbass, where armed separatists are so determined to create their own autonomous state?

The area over which Russia and Ukraine have locked horns for the past several weeks has an especially complex history, one that may be unknown even to the separatists touting a “People’s Republic of Donetsk” who have captured government buildings and hoisted the self-proclaimed autonomy’s red, black and blue flag on their masts.

Hughes left his mark on Donbass after receiving permission from the Russian tsarist government in 1868 to develop metal works there, and a year later he founded the area as Yuzovka — derived from the Russian pronunciation of Hughes’ name. It was later renamed Donetsk.

The term “Novorossia” goes back even further and denotes territory of modern-day south-eastern Ukraine that was conquered by the Russian Empire from the Crimean Khanate and Ottoman Turkey in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Novorossiya (Russian: Новоро́ссия, Ukrainian: Новоросія; literally New Russia) is a historical term denoting an area north of the Black Sea which was conquered by the Russian Empire at the end of the 18th century.
It included the southern part of the Zaporizhian Sich and the steppes between the Zaporizhian Sich and the northern coast of the Black Sea which had previously been controlled for centuries by the Crimean Khanate and Ottoman Turkey.
Administratively the newly incorporated area became known as the Novorossiysk Governorate with Novorossiysk (present-day Ukrainian city of Dnipropetrovsk, not to be confused with present-day Novorossiysk, Russian Federation) as its capital. In the 19th century Novorossiya was the name of the General Government centred in Odessa, a major port on the north-west coast of the Black Sea.

Novorossiya was changing during the beginning of the 19th century due to the intensive movement of Russians who rapidly created towns, villages and agricultural colonies in the area.

The word Donetsk refers to the Donetsk coal basin, which stretches roughly from the Dnipropetrovsk region in Ukraine to the Rostov region in Russia. It is also just one of many terms for areas of modern-day southeastern Ukraine and south-western Russia with roots in different historical periods, from the 16th century to the Soviet era.

Ace Related History News:
1. http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/donbass-roots-of-violent-division-geography-history-culture/498447.html
2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novorossiya
3. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/legacy/waleshistory/2010/06/john_hughes_the_ironmaster_of_yuzovka.html
4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Hughes_(developer)

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#donbass, #donetsk, #novorossia, #president-vladimir-putin, #russia, #ukraine, #ukrainian, #yuzovka

` Republic of Crimea Threatens to Stop Cooperation with Europe if `Scythian Gold ' is not Returned to Crimean Museum '

#AceHistory2Research – PETERSBURG – April 07 – Russian scholars from the State Hermitage Museum have concluded that a discovery of Scythian gold in a Siberian grave last summer is the earliest of its kind ever found and that it pre-dates Greek influence.

The find is leading to a change in how scholars view the supposed barbaric, nomadic tribes that once roamed the Eurasian steppes.

The dig near Kyzyl, the capital of the Siberian republic of Tuva, revealed almost 5,000 decorative gold pieces — earrings, pendants and beads — that adorned the bodies of a Scythian man and woman, presumably royalty, and dated from the fifth or sixth centuries B.C. In addition to the gold, which weighed almost 44 pounds, the archaeologists discovered items made of iron, turquoise, amber and wood.

“There are many great works of art — figures of animals, necklaces, pins with animals carved into a golden surface,” said Dr. Mikhail Piotrovsky, director of the Hermitage Museum. “It is an encyclopedia of Scythian animal art because you have all the animals which roamed the region, such as panther, lions, camels, deer, etc. This is the original Scythian style, from the Altai region, which eventually came to the Black Sea region and finally in contact with ancient Greece, and it resembles almost an Art Nouveau style.”

Russian and German archaeologists excavated a Scythian burial mound on a grassy plain that locals have long called the Valley of the Kings because of the large number of burial mounds of Scythian and other ancient nomadic royalty.

The fierce nomadic Scythian tribes roamed the Eurasian steppe, from the northern borders of China to the Black Sea region, in the seventh to third centuries B.C. In the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. they interacted with the ancient Greeks who had colonized the Black Sea region, which is now in Ukraine and southern Russia.

Not surprisingly ancient Greek influence was evident in Scythian gold previously discovered, but the recent find dates from before contact with the Greeks and from the heart of Siberia where, scholars say, contact with outsiders can almost be excluded.

After its discovery, the treasure was sent to the Hermitage Museum for storage and restoration, and it will stay there until Tuva can build a museum to house the items. This is in accordance with Russian Federation law stating that items be displayed in their place of discovery so long as local authorities provide the proper conditions.

Building such a museum is years away, however, Dr. Piotrovksy said. Until then they will remain in the Hermitage, and at some point will be put on display.

Future Intentions:

Recently arguments are in existence over who should be looking after the gold and “If the collection does not return to its legal owners in the near future, the question of taking any items of cultural value out of Crimea to European countries will be removed from the agenda,” Kosarev said to (Tass).

Scythian gold collection should be returned to Crimea – Russian State Duma speaker
“We are going to regard it as an absolutely disgraceful attitude on the part of Europeans to the idea of museum cooperation,” Kosarev added.

The Scythian gold was taken out of Crimean museums for an exhibition in the Netherlands. “It belongs to Crimea and not Ukraine,” Kosarev emphasized.

“The Scythian golden items and other historical artifacts were found in the territory of our republic. They were described, stored and exhibited in our museums,” Kosarev said, wondering who else could claim the right to the Scythian gold if the collection had been collected in the Republic of Crimea and had left abroad from the Crimean territory.

If the collection does not return to Crimea, the republic will challenge this decision to the very “end”, Kosarev stressed.

According to him, Europe will lose a lot if it hands over the collection to Kiev.

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#black-sea, #crimea, #eurasian, #europe, #greek, #kiev, #netherlands, #republic-of-crimea, #scythian-gold, #siberian, #state-duma, #ukrainian

Ukraine’s New Authorities Deny` WWII Veterans ‘Celebration of Kherson Liberation from Nazis ‘

#AceHistoryNews On March 13, 1944, legendary radio announcer Yuri Levitan read a report from fronts, informing people about liberation of Kherson, a regional centre, from Nazi invaders.

Fierce fighting to liberate the region lasted for more than 140 days, and 34,000 soldiers and officers of the Ukrainian front gave their lives for the liberation. Hundreds of servicemen were awarded, and the title of Hero of the Soviet Union was awarded to 36 of them.

However, new Ukrainian leaders denied veterans celebration of the 70th anniversary. Veterans said even songs would not be heard in the Park of Glory. Kherson refused to participate in the memorial relay, in which a capsule with soil was to be handed over on the route of Soviet troops who liberated territories from Nazis. Kherson was to take over the capsule in a ceremony on Thursday and hand it over to another city.

Meanwhile, city services began working in the park, but not to tidy up the area for celebration, but after threatening leaflet were pasted on a public transport station, where veterans were expected to come.

The papers said the author of the leaflets with threats to Russians and Jews was the radical movement Right Sector, but it was not officially confirmed that the movement really was the organizer of the outrageous action.

Courtesy of Tass

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#hero-of-the-soviet-union, #itar-tass, #jews, #kherson, #nazi, #right-sector, #russians, #ukrainian, #wwii