‘ HISTORICAL & CONTROVERSIAL NEW EVIDENCE OF JESUS CHRIST’S LIFE LAID BARE ‘

#AceHistory2ResearchNews – Dec.27:This FRONTLINE series is an intellectual and visual guide to the new and controversial historical evidence which challenges familiar assumptions about the life of Jesus and the epic rise of Christianity.

For an overview of the series read the Synopsis. It includes links to some of the stories and material on this web site which expand the narrative.

This site is anchored by the testimony of New Testament theologians, archaeologists and historians who serve as both critics and storytellers. They address dozens of key issues, disagreements and critical problems relating to Jesus’ life and the evolution of Christianity.

Throughout the site, maps, charts (for example, the fortress of Masada), ancient texts (including Perpetua’s diary), pictures of the archaeological discoveries, ancient imagery, and audio excerpts from the television program complement and illuminate the scholars’commentary.

A new addition to this site is the edited transcript of a two-day symposium at Harvard University.

This symposium was a follow-up to the FRONTLINE broadcast and featured scholars’ presentations, workshops and audience discussion.

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` Holy Fire is a Miracle that Dates Back to 1579 of an American Patriarch Prayed and Lightening Hit a Pillar and Lit a Candle'

AceHistory2Research – JERUSALEM – April 19 – The Holy Fire (Greek ‘Αγιος Φως, literally “Holy Light”) is a miracle that occurs every year at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem on Holy Saturday, the day preceding Pascha.

It is considered by many to be the longest-attested annual miracle in the Christian world, though the event has only been documented consecutively since 1106. In many Orthodox countries around the world the event is televised live.

The ceremony begins at noon when the Patriarch of Jerusalem or another Orthodox Archbishop recites a specific prayer. The faithful gathered will then chant “Lord, have mercy” (Kyrie eleison in Greek) until the Holy Fire descends on a lamp of olive oil held by the patriarch while he is alone in the tomb chamber of Jesus Christ. The patriarch will then emerge from the tomb chamber, recite some prayers, and light either 33 or 12 candles to distribute to the faithful.

The fire is also said to spontaneously light other lamps and candles around the church. Pilgrims say the Holy Fire will not burn hair, faces, etc., in the first 33 minutes after it is ignited. Before entering the Lord’s Tomb, the patriarch or presiding archbishop is inspected by Israeli authorities to prove that he does not carry the technical means to light the fire. This investigation used to be carried out by Turkish soldiers.

The Holy Fire is first mentioned in the documents dating from the 4th century. A detailed description of the miracle is contained in the travelogue of the Russian igumen Daniel, who was present at the ceremony in 1106. Daniel mentions a blue incandescence descending from the dome to the edicula where the patriarch awaits the Holy Fire. Some claim to have witnessed this incandescence in modern times.

During the many centuries of the miracle’s history, the Holy Fire is said to have descended on certain other occasions, usually when heterodox clergymen attempted to obtain it. According to the tradition, in 1099, for example, the failure of Crusaders to obtain the fire led to street riots in Jerusalem.

It is also claimed that in 1579, the Armenian patriarch prayed day and night in order to obtain the Holy Fire, but the Fire miraculously struck a column near the entrance and lit a candle held by the Orthodox patriarch standing nearby.

Upon entering the temple, many Orthodox Christians venerate this column, which bears marks and a large crack attributed to the bolt of lightning from the Holy Fire.

Ace Related News:
1. Celebrating The Holy Fire and the Miracle of Jesus http://wp.me/p165ui-4S1

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“Baptism to Christenings”

 

Baptism of Christ. Jesus is baptized in the Jo...

Baptism of Christ. Jesus is baptized in the Jordan River by John. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

#AceHistoryNews says “Baptism” goes back to the time of Christ being immersed into water, when John the Baptist was in charge of the ceremony. Though the word and meaning of to be baptised goes back even further and the word Baptism comes (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptismasee below) is a Christian rite of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into theChristian Church generally and also a particular church tradition. The canonical Gospels report that Jesus was Baptised a historical event to which a high degree of certainty can be assigned. Baptism has been called a sacrament and an ordinance of Jesus Christ. In some traditions, baptism is also called christening, but for others the word “Christening” is reserved for the baptism of infants.

The usual form of baptism among the earliest Christians was for the candidate to be immersed, either totally (submerged completely under the water) or partly (standing or kneeling in water while water was poured on him or her). While John the Baptist‘s use of a deep river for his baptism suggests immersion, pictorial and archaeological evidence of Christian baptism from the 3rd century onward indicates that a normal form was to have the candidate stand in water while water was poured over the upper body. Other common forms of baptism now in use include pouring water three times on the forehead; a method called affusion.

Baptism_-_Saint_CalixteMartyrdom was identified early in Church history as “baptism by blood”, enabling martyrs who had not been “Baptised” by water to be saved. Later, the Catholic Church identified a baptism of desire, by which those preparing for baptism who die before actually receiving the sacrament are considered saved.As evidenced also in the common Christian practice of infant baptism, baptism was universally seen by Christians as in some sense necessary for salvation, until Huldrych Zwingli in the 16th century denied its necessity.

Today, some Christians, particularly Christian ScientistsQuakers, the Salvation Army, and Unitarians, do not see baptism as necessary, and do not practice the rite. Among those that do, differences can be found in the manner and mode of “Baptising” and in the understanding of the significance of the rite. Most Christians Baptise in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” (following the Great Commission), but some “Baptise” in Jesus’ name only. Most Christians baptize infants; many others hold that only believer’s baptism is true baptism. Some insist on submersion or at least partial immersion of the person who is baptized, others consider that any form of washing by water, as long as the water flows on the head, is sufficient. The term “baptism” has also been used to refer to any ceremony, trial, or experience by which a person is initiated, purified, or given a name.

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