` Veterans Celebrate ` Victory Day ‘ and Their Memories of World War II ‘

#AceHistory2Research – VETERANS VICTORY DAY – May 09 – Sergey Blinov was a bomber aircraft pilot, who since the start of the war against the Soviet Union in 1941 was regularly asking his chiefs for being sent to the war zone.

He was allowed to do so in 1942, when Nazis were getting closer to Stalingrad. Blinov had managed to carry out several successful missions before a fatal one, in which his plane was downed by Nazi machine-gun fire.

Aleksandr Panin (above) went to war straight after military school.

By 1944 he was commander of squadron.

Mikhail Vecher (center) fought with the Tyumen rifle division, which took part in military actions around the Karelia region in north-western Russia. After the war he wrote a book “From Tyumen to Kirkines: on operation record of the 368th Pecheng Order of the Red Banner rifle division.” The picture was taken in Karelia in 1943.

Vera Panina was typewriter at the historic Tehran conference in 1943, which was where the “Big Three” Allied leaders (the USSR, the US, and the UK) gathered for the first time.

Mikhail Nikolsky, battery sergeant-major at the 661st rifle regiment, joined the army three days after the Nazi invaded the USSR. Nikolsky was severely wounded on the head in November 1941, but recovered and made it all the way to Berlin in 1945.

Iosif Bregadze (on the right) served in the army during the entire length of the war – from 1941 till 1945. He was a surgeon and served at Bryansk front, later at 1st Belorussian front.

This picture is taken in Berlin near the Brandenburg Gates in 1945.

Mugalim Khalilov was deputy political commissar at one of the squadrons of 814th rifle regiment and was severely wounded in action.

The picture was taken just before the war in May, 1941.

Aleksandr Landyshev served as a border guard in Estonia when the war began. He fought the Nazis in some of the deadliest WWII battles, including the Siege of Leningrad, and the Battle of Königsberg, for which he was awarded a medal. Landyshev regularly posted his stories and poems to the frontline newspaper. He celebrated victory in East Prussia.

Nikolay Panov was drafted into the Soviet Army in 1943 at the age of 17. Born in the northern Russian city of Vologda, he fought his first battle in Ukraine and later took part in the liberation of Czechoslovakia from the Nazis. Twice injured in battles, he received a Medal of Valor.

Galina Samkova (lower row center) volunteered to serve in the Baltic Fleet when she was 17. To pass the Soviet Navy’s size requirements, she stuffed some cloth in her shoes to look a bit taller. For five years Samkova fought near Leningrad and survived the city’s blockade.

Veniamin Karpov was a military pilot. Starting the war at the Battle of Moscow, he fought for Belarus and Königsberg (now Kaliningrad). Here, he is pictured in January 1945 in East Prussia.

Courtesy of the Russian Times Staff and Editors

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#baltic-fleet, #battle-of-konigsberg, #brandenburg-gate, #east-prussia, #nazi, #russia, #share-or-tweet-acehistorynews-with-ah2rn2014, #siege-of-leningrad, #soviet-union

#AceHistory2Research LUXOR May 02 A VAST necropolis with…

#AceHistory2Research – LUXOR – May 02 – A VAST necropolis with some 50 mummies, including pharaonic royalty, has been discovered in Egypt’s famed Valley of the Kings near the temple city of Luxor, officials said this week, according to Agence France-Presse.

“The immense necropolis contains the remains of mummies that could have been members of the royal family, in particular the sons of the kings Tutmoses III and Tutmoses IV of the 18th dynasty,” which ruled from 1550-1292 BC, the antiquities ministry said.

Archaeologists, including experts from the University of Basel in Switzerland, found wooden sarcophagi, death masks and canopic jars used to store organs removed during the embalming process. The mummies included newborn babies, AFP reported.

An examination of the inscriptions on the jars allowed them to identify more than 30 of the dead by name, including previously unknown princesses, Antiquities Minister Mohammad Ibrahim said in the statement.

Wooden coffins and death masks were found beside the bodies, probably dating from the New Kingdom, state news agency MENA quoted Ibrahim.

The cemetery, which had been looted in ancient times, is in the extreme northwest of the Valley of the Kings, a once popular tourist site which also includes the tomb of Tutankhamun, better known as King Tut.

Antiquities are vital to Egypt’s tourist trade, beset by insecurity and political chaos in the three years since the Arab Spring, the country has failed to secure ancient sites and stop theft from museums, mosques, stores and illegal excavations. Reuters reported. — Agencies.


#ancient-egypt, #luxor

` Decipher the Notes in the Margin of 1504 Edition of Homer’s Odyssey and Earn $1,000 ‘

#AceHistory2Research – April 28 – Once upon a time, somebody read this 1504 edition of Homer’s Odyssey and, apparently taken by it, wrote in the margins of Book 11, describing the journey to the underworld of Hades.

The man who donated the book to the University of Chicago wants to solve the mystery of what was handwritten around the text, and is offering $1,000 to whomever can successfully decipher the notes.

The unidentified donor suspects the script is a kind of 19th-century shorthand, possibly French, but “he acknowledges that this hypothesis remains unsupported by any evidence offered to date,” according to the University of Chicago.

The notes appear on only two pages.

It may be worth noting the University of Chicago is the same college where, in 2012, a mysterious package arrived, addressed to “Henry Walton Jones, Jr.,” better known as Indiana Jones.

It turns out that item was a replica from the 1989 film “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.” The piece of memorabilia had apparently had been sold on-line and fell out of its outer packaging en route to its buyer.

This mystery is sure to be a lot tougher to crack. We broke out our secret decoder ring, but were immediately stymied when we realized the book’s text is written in Greek.

Perhaps there is somebody out there with the time and expertise to break the code. If so, there’s a $1,000 waiting, as well as an unprecedented amount of nerd cred.

So, what are you waiting for? Spread the word and let’s solve this thing.

Link to University of Chicago follow link and down the text and enjoy:

Follow Mike Krumboltz on Twitter (@mikekrumboltz).



#AceHistory2Research SALT LAKE CITY A $10 Mormon gold…

#AceHistory2Research – SALT LAKE CITY – A $10 Mormon gold coin fetched $705,000, and a $20 Mormon gold coin sold for $558,000 at auction a few weeks ago.

They were the rarest of a seven-piece collection of Mormon coins made in 1849 that brought in nearly $2 million at an auction staged by Dallas-based Heritage Auctions.

The territorial coins, put up for sale by a collector, went to an undisclosed buyer. Bidding ended Thursday night.

Tyson Emery, a coin expert at All About Coins in Salt Lake City, said coins and currency were scare when Mormon pioneers arrived in Utah in 1847, and the settlers began making their own coins primarily to buy goods from the East.

“The gold that they used to make these Mormon gold coins came from the original California gold strike, probably right from the American River at Sutter’s Mill,” he told the Deseret News (http://bit.ly/1h1t3cv ).

Only 46 of the $10 gold coins were made, and just a few are still around. Emery had predicted the $10 piece would sell for at least $500,000.

The equipment used to make the coins was crude, and not a lot of coins were made as a result. While rare, Mormon coins are put up for sale from time to time, Emery said.

Mormon currency came in denominations including $2½, $5, $10 and $20. Simple and rugged designs showed clasped hands, with uneven lettering and numbers.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints History Museum has a replica display featuring coins, dies and other equipment.

The prices for the other coins that were sold at auction this week ranged from $64,625 to $235,000.

Ace Related News:
1. Information from: Deseret News – April 28 – http://tinyurl.com/djby8

2 April 28 – http://tinyurl.com/lyjlef7



` Donbass Roots of Violence and Division But Who Really Founded the Capital but a Welsh Engineer ‘

#AceHistory2Research – UKRAINE – April 22 – When President Vladimir Putin described Donetsk as “Novorossia” in his call-in show late last week and stressed the region’s ties to Russia, he left out the fact that the region’s capital was actually founded by a Welsh engineer and entrepreneur named John Hughes.

Imagine the scene. It is 1870 and a hundred ironworkers from Merthyr Tydfil, Dowlais and Rhymney suddenly find themselves in the wilds of Czarist Russia, in the area we now know as the Ukraine.

“This is Novorossia: Kharkov, Luhansk, Donetsk, Kherson, Mykolaiv, Odessa did not belong to Ukraine in tsarist times,” Putin said. “All these territories were transferred to Ukraine in the 1920’s by the Soviet government.

But what exactly is Donbass, where armed separatists are so determined to create their own autonomous state?

The area over which Russia and Ukraine have locked horns for the past several weeks has an especially complex history, one that may be unknown even to the separatists touting a “People’s Republic of Donetsk” who have captured government buildings and hoisted the self-proclaimed autonomy’s red, black and blue flag on their masts.

Hughes left his mark on Donbass after receiving permission from the Russian tsarist government in 1868 to develop metal works there, and a year later he founded the area as Yuzovka — derived from the Russian pronunciation of Hughes’ name. It was later renamed Donetsk.

The term “Novorossia” goes back even further and denotes territory of modern-day south-eastern Ukraine that was conquered by the Russian Empire from the Crimean Khanate and Ottoman Turkey in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Novorossiya (Russian: Новоро́ссия, Ukrainian: Новоросія; literally New Russia) is a historical term denoting an area north of the Black Sea which was conquered by the Russian Empire at the end of the 18th century.
It included the southern part of the Zaporizhian Sich and the steppes between the Zaporizhian Sich and the northern coast of the Black Sea which had previously been controlled for centuries by the Crimean Khanate and Ottoman Turkey.
Administratively the newly incorporated area became known as the Novorossiysk Governorate with Novorossiysk (present-day Ukrainian city of Dnipropetrovsk, not to be confused with present-day Novorossiysk, Russian Federation) as its capital. In the 19th century Novorossiya was the name of the General Government centred in Odessa, a major port on the north-west coast of the Black Sea.

Novorossiya was changing during the beginning of the 19th century due to the intensive movement of Russians who rapidly created towns, villages and agricultural colonies in the area.

The word Donetsk refers to the Donetsk coal basin, which stretches roughly from the Dnipropetrovsk region in Ukraine to the Rostov region in Russia. It is also just one of many terms for areas of modern-day southeastern Ukraine and south-western Russia with roots in different historical periods, from the 16th century to the Soviet era.

Ace Related History News:
1. http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/donbass-roots-of-violent-division-geography-history-culture/498447.html
2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novorossiya
3. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/legacy/waleshistory/2010/06/john_hughes_the_ironmaster_of_yuzovka.html
4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Hughes_(developer)


#donbass, #donetsk, #novorossia, #president-vladimir-putin, #russia, #ukraine, #ukrainian, #yuzovka

` Holy Fire is a Miracle that Dates Back to 1579 of an American Patriarch Prayed and Lightening Hit a Pillar and Lit a Candle'

AceHistory2Research – JERUSALEM – April 19 – The Holy Fire (Greek ‘Αγιος Φως, literally “Holy Light”) is a miracle that occurs every year at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem on Holy Saturday, the day preceding Pascha.

It is considered by many to be the longest-attested annual miracle in the Christian world, though the event has only been documented consecutively since 1106. In many Orthodox countries around the world the event is televised live.

The ceremony begins at noon when the Patriarch of Jerusalem or another Orthodox Archbishop recites a specific prayer. The faithful gathered will then chant “Lord, have mercy” (Kyrie eleison in Greek) until the Holy Fire descends on a lamp of olive oil held by the patriarch while he is alone in the tomb chamber of Jesus Christ. The patriarch will then emerge from the tomb chamber, recite some prayers, and light either 33 or 12 candles to distribute to the faithful.

The fire is also said to spontaneously light other lamps and candles around the church. Pilgrims say the Holy Fire will not burn hair, faces, etc., in the first 33 minutes after it is ignited. Before entering the Lord’s Tomb, the patriarch or presiding archbishop is inspected by Israeli authorities to prove that he does not carry the technical means to light the fire. This investigation used to be carried out by Turkish soldiers.

The Holy Fire is first mentioned in the documents dating from the 4th century. A detailed description of the miracle is contained in the travelogue of the Russian igumen Daniel, who was present at the ceremony in 1106. Daniel mentions a blue incandescence descending from the dome to the edicula where the patriarch awaits the Holy Fire. Some claim to have witnessed this incandescence in modern times.

During the many centuries of the miracle’s history, the Holy Fire is said to have descended on certain other occasions, usually when heterodox clergymen attempted to obtain it. According to the tradition, in 1099, for example, the failure of Crusaders to obtain the fire led to street riots in Jerusalem.

It is also claimed that in 1579, the Armenian patriarch prayed day and night in order to obtain the Holy Fire, but the Fire miraculously struck a column near the entrance and lit a candle held by the Orthodox patriarch standing nearby.

Upon entering the temple, many Orthodox Christians venerate this column, which bears marks and a large crack attributed to the bolt of lightning from the Holy Fire.

Ace Related News:
1. Celebrating The Holy Fire and the Miracle of Jesus http://wp.me/p165ui-4S1


#acehistory2research, #jerusalem, #jesus-christ, #the-holy-fire

` Voice of America and the Voice of the People Since 1941 One Person and his Recollections ‘

#AceHistory2Research – UNITED STATED – April 14 – On a grey day between the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour and Christmas 1941, while a research assistant at the Harvard Law School, I was walking across Harvard Yard and was stopped by Professor William Langer, a professor of German History, who asked me: “Walter, you know German, don’t you”? I answered in the affirmative. “We need people like you”, he continued. “Would you like to work for the US Government”? I answered in the affirmative again. “OK, you will hear from us”, he said, and we both went on our way.

Early in the New Year 1942, I received a letter from the Coordinator of Information (COI) inviting me to come to Washington. Meanwhile, I heard that Professor Langer had signed up with U. S. intelligence. So I assumed that my interview in Washington would relate to a possible job in intelligence.

I remember taking the overnight train from Boston to Washington and seeing a number of people there but was told at the end of the day that a possible job would be in New York. The man I was supposed to see there was Edd Johnson. An appointment was arranged for the following day at 270 Madison Avenue.

It had become clear to me that the agency I was dealing with (COI) had both intelligence and information functions with the former apparently concentrated in Washington, while the latter were directed from New York.

Edd Johnson, who headed the Research and Analysis section, came across as a stern, no nonsense man who got to the point immediately stating that the COI was in the process of preparing broadcasts in German, and that it was essential for the writers to know the propaganda climate to which they would be broadcasting. Could I reconstruct the weekly internal propaganda directive of the German Ministry of Propaganda, he asked. I answered that I probably could, provided I had the necessary material, i.e. the most recent German newspapers and transcripts of German internal radio broadcasts. I recalled that while still living in Europe, I used to listen to a weekly broadcast by Hans Fritzsche (one of Dr. Goebbels’ senior assistants) who seemed to read the weekly propaganda directive directly to the German people every Friday evening. I wondered whether Fritzsche was still on the air. Johnson said that he would try to assemble the necessary material by asking the American Legation in Bern, Switzerland, to provide it. He told me that he would be in touch with me when the newspapers and radio transcripts arrived.

I returned to my job at Harvard. Within a couple of weeks, I was asked to come back to New York. All the material was there, including the weekly newspaper Das Reich that, in its editorial, practically duplicated the weekly broadcasts of Hans Fritzsche. In the next few hours, I tried to reconstruct, on the basis of the material received, the latest weekly directive that Goebbels and company had written, which was designed to keep the morale of the German people at its highest possible level.

Edd Johnson read it and asked me to come with him to see James Warburg, who he said, was in charge of policy. At the end of the meeting, I was told that they would let me know in a few days whether I would be offered a job.

The Dean of the Harvard Law School knew of my visits to Washington and New York. When the offer from the COI came, I suggested that I spend a day or two a week in New York and move there after the Harvard semester was over. Harvard found this arrangement acceptable, as did COI, which, in any event, needed some additional time to clear me for a civil service position, in that I was still an alien at that time.

Once on the job, I realized that foreign information work was a new activity for the United States Government. I also became aware that the vital wherewithal was lacking – the U. S. Government did not own a single short wave transmitter.

Read More of: Dr. Walter R. Roberts started his government career with the Voice of America. He retired from the government after serving as Associate Director of the U.S. Information Agency. President George H. W. Bush appointed and President Bill Clinton reappointed him as member of the U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy. He is the author of Tito, Mihailovic and the Allies, 1941-1945 and numerous articles on foreign policy. http://www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/item/2009/1012/fsl/roberts_voice.html

#ah2rn2014, #dr-walter-r-roberts, #new-york, #us, #voa, #voice-of-america-voa, #washington

` Cosmonautics Day Marked with a Cherry Tree Grown from a Pit that was in Space Bursting into Bloom 6 Years Early ‘

#AceHistory2Research – TOKYO – April 12 – A cherry tree grown from a pit that was in space burst into bloom in Japan six years earlier, Japanese media reported on Saturday.

The “space” tree surprising Japanese botanists grows near the Buddhist temple Ganjoji in the Gifu prefecture.

In 2008, seeds of one of old Sakuras growing near the temple were handed over to the Japanese Aerospace Research Agency, and astronaut Koichi Wakata, currently the commander on board the International Space Station, took the seeds with him to space. After ten months in space, the seeds were returned to Japan and planted into the ground in 2010.

Over the four years, the tree, called by Japanese reporters “space”, has grown impressive four metres high and burst into bloom this spring for the first time. Such early blooming is rare. Usually sakuras bloom at the age of about ten years.

Scientists could not explain why it happened, a botany professor at Tsukuba University said. Probably, the growth was fast after the influence of space radiation, he supposed.

Meanwhile, people in the temple see a sign in the early blooming. “It was symbolic. The tree was grown from a seed of a Sakura aged more than 1,200 years and would be its successor in our garden,” the temple rector said.

In 2011, marking the 50th anniversary since Yuri Gagarin’s legendary space flight, the United Nations General Assembly, on the initiative of the Russian Federation, declared April 12 as International Day of Human Space Flight.

Russia marks the memorable date as a national holiday for more than 50 years. In 1962, a few days before the first anniversary since Gagarin’s space flight, the Soviet Union Supreme Council declared Cosmonautics Day.

Most Japanese schools and public buildings have cherry blossom trees outside of them. Since the fiscal and school year both begin in April, in many parts of Honshū, the first day of work or school coincides with the cherry blossom season.

The Japan Cherry Blossom Association developed a list of Japan’s Top 100 Cherry Blossom Spots with at least one location in every prefecture.

Courtesy of: Japanese and Russian Media and News Sources.


#cherry-tree, #cosmonautics-day, #honshu, #japan, #russia, #sakura, #sakura-tree, #soviet-union, #tokyo, #yuri-gagarin

` Russia’s Crimea Celebrates 70 th Anniversary of Liberation from Nazi Invasion '

#AceHistory2Research – April 11 – CRIMEA – Three Crimean cities— Kerch, Dzhankoi and Krasnoperekopsk mark on Friday the 70th anniversary since the liberation from Nazi invaders in 1944.

It is symbolic that the date is marked shortly after the reunification with Russia, which Crimea also views as a great victory. For the first time, the date is marked on the peninsula under the Russian state three-colour flag.

Commemoration events began in the Hero City of Kerch on Thursday, when remains of 39 Soviet soldiers, found in search near the city in the autumn of 2013, were reburied at a military cemetery.

A ceremony will be held in the city on Friday to lay flowers at the Eternal Flame at Glory Square.
During World War II, Kerch was almost completely destroyed.

The title of Hero City was awarded to Kerch in 1973.

The Nazi occupation of Dzhankoi lasted 893 days. Thousands of Soviet war prisoners were killed in Nazi camps, and thousands more were shot dead on the northern outskirts of the city. Many Dzhankoi residents were driven to Germany for work.

Krasnoperekopsk was almost razed to the ground. Liberation Day is the second birthday for the city, Mayor Taras Filipchuk notes. A meeting on the central square, a concert and fireworks are planned in Krasnoperekopsk to mark the anniversary.

Kerch, Dzhankoi and Krasnoperekopsk were freed from the Nazi occupation at the beginning of the Soviet troops’ Crimean liberation operation that lasted from April 8 to May 12, 1944.

The Soviet troops liberated Armyansk on April 8, Simferopol, Feodosia and Yevpatoria on April 13, Sudak, Alushta and Bakhchisarai on April 14, Yalta on April 16 and so on. Memorial events will be held in all the cities.

Sevastopol will celebrate the liberation anniversary (May 9, 1944) together with Victory Day.

Russian History and Media News


#ah2rn2014, #crimea, #crimean, #dzhankoi, #germany, #kerch, #krasnoperekopsk, #nazi, #russia, #russian, #soviet-union, #world-war-ii

` World's Oldest Message in a Bottle Arrives Home after 101 Years to Sender '

#AceHistory2Research – BERLIN – April 09 – (DPA) – A message in a bottle tossed into the sea in Germany 101 years ago and believed to be the world’s oldest has been presented to the sender’s granddaughter, a museum said on Monday.

Holger von Neuhoff of the International Maritime Museum in Hamburg said: “This is certainly the first time such an old message in a bottle was found, particularly with the bottle intact.”

Researchers then set to work identifying the author and managed to track down his 62-year-old granddaughter Angela Erdmann, who lives in Berlin.

“It was almost unbelievable,” Erdmann told news agency DPA. She was first able to hold the brown bottle last week at the Hamburg museum.

Inside was a message on a postcard requesting the finder to return it to his home address in Berlin. “That was a pretty moving moment,” Erdmann said. “Tears rolled down my cheeks.”

Von Neuhoff said researchers were able to determine based on the address that it was 20-year-old baker’s son Richard Platz who threw the bottle in the Baltic while on a hike with a nature appreciation group in 1913.

A Berlin-based genealogical researcher then located Erdmann, who never knew Platz, her mother’s father who died in 1946 at the age of 54.

The Guinness World Records had previously identified the oldest message in a bottle as dating from 1914. It spent nearly 98 years at sea before being fished from the water.

Courtesy of: Ganhara – TLde – DPA with contributions from RFERL


#baltic, #berlin, #hamburg-germany, #international-maritime-museum-in-hamburg