On #ThisDayinHistory 1906, the Great San Francisco Earthquake happens at 5:13 a.m: The quake was an estimated 8.0 on the Richter scale, and it killed hundreds of people and toppled numerous buildings: The quake was caused by a slip of the San Andreas Fault over a segment about 275 miles long, and shock waves could be felt from southern Oregon down to Los Angeles #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Apr.18: San Francisco’s brick buildings and wooden Victorian structures were especially devastated: Fires immediately broke out and–because broken water mains prevented firefighters from stopping them–firestorms soon developed citywide #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8362 At 7 a.m., U.S. Army troops from Fort Mason reported to the Hall of Justice, and San Francisco Mayor E.E. Schmitz called for the enforcement of a dusk-to-dawn curfew and authorized soldiers to shoot-to-kill anyone found looting: Meanwhile, in the face of significant aftershocks, firefighters and U.S. troops fought desperately to control the ongoing fire, often dynamiting whole city blocks to create firewalls…………………On April 20, 20,000 refugees trapped by the massive fire were evacuated from the foot of Van Ness Avenue onto the USS Chicago…………By April 23, most fires were extinguished, and authorities commenced the task of rebuilding the devastated metropolis………………….It was estimated that some 3,000 people died as a result of the Great San Francisco Earthquake and the devastating fires it inflicted upon the city……………….Almost 30,000 buildings were destroyed, including most of the city’s homes and nearly all the central business district. #SanFrancisco #Earthquake #History #USHistory #TurnoftheCentury #OTD

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On #ThisDayinHistory 1947, Jackie Robinson Day: At age 28, he ‘ broke the colour barrier in sport ‘ and became the first African-American player in Major League Baseball when he steps onto Ebbets Fi eld in Brooklyn to compete for the Brooklyn Dodgers #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Apr.15: Robinson broke the color barrier in a sport that had been segregated for more than 50 years: Exactly 50 years later, on April 15, 1997, Robinson’s groundbreaking career was honoured and his uniform number, 42, was retired from Major League Baseball by Commissioner Bud Selig in a ceremony attended by over 50,000 fans at New York City’s Shea Stadium…………………..Robinson’s was the first-ever number retired by all teams in the league #AceNewsDesk reports
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https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8332 For us baseball fans, today is Jackie Robinson Day, a day when teams across the league give every player a jersey with his number 42 on it to wear while playing their game on that day…………..Why a day for one player? We tend to celebrate a lot of firsts, some of those folks who break certain barriers move on to obscurity, after being in the right place at the right time: Jackie Robinson was the first black baseball player in the major leagues, but he was no gimmick, the man was a stud in all aspects of the game……………….Like a lot of aspects of society at the time, baseball was segregated by color, so Jackie was playing in the Negro League when he joined sixteen black players and attended a special tryout with the Boston Red Sox in the 1945 season…………..It was never really intended to be anything more than a political stunt to please a city councilor who pushed for racial equality in the city, and Robinson left humiliated:

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8330 Enter Branch Rickey, owner of the Brooklyn Dodgers, who had been looking for a black player that was not only a strong baseball man, but one who he felt could handle the pressures of being the first in the big leagues. Rickey offered Robinson a contract and assigned him to the team’s minor league clubs to get him ready for the majors: There was actually a bit of animosity from some Negro League players over all of this, as Jackie wasn’t thought to be the best all around ballplayer in their league, a title that they felt went to a man named Josh Gibson………………..When Robinson came up to the Dodgers in 1947 it was definitely not without incident, players on his own team threatened mutiny by protest, as did other clubs, which drew this response from Dodgers’ skipper Leo Durocher: “I do not care if the guy is yellow or black, or if he has stripes like a fuckin’ zebra. I’m the manager of this team, and I say he plays. What’s more, I say he can make us all rich………………..And if any of you cannot use the money, I will see that you are all traded.“. Robinson played his first season under extreme harassment and hard play by opponents, but this would ease as more blacks entered the league in 1948…………….He was inducted into baseball’s hall of fame in 1962 #JackieRobinson #Dodgers #History #USHistory #jackierobinsonday #OTD

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ Ace News Services Posts https://t.me/acenewsdaily and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews

On #ThisDayinHistory 1935, “Black Sunday,” one of the most devastating storms of the 19 30s Dust Bowl era, swept across the region: High winds kicked up clouds of millions of tons of dirt and dust so dense and dark that some eyewitnesses believed the world was coming to an end #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Apr.15: The term “dust bowl” was reportedly coined by a reporter referring to the plains of western Kansas, southeastern Colorado, the panhandles of Texas and Oklahoma, and northeastern New Mexico. By the early 1930s, the grassy plains of this region had been over-plowed by farmers and overgrazed by cattle and sheep #AceHistoryDesk reports
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https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8326 The resulting soil erosion, combined with an eight-year drought which began in 1931, created a dire situation for farmers and ranchers: Crops and businesses failed and an increasing number of dust storms made people and animals sick: Many residents fled the region in search of work in other states such as California, and those who remained behind struggled to support themselves…………….The Dust Bowl era finally came to a close when the rains arrived and the drought ended in 1939……………….Although drought would continue to be an inevitable part of life in the region, improved farming techniques significantly reduced the problem of soil erosion and prevented a repeat of the 1930 s Dust Bowl devastation. #DustBowl #BlackSunday #History #USHistory #GreatDepression #OTD

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acetwitternews.wordpress.com/ Ace News Services Posts https://t.me/acenewsdaily and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews

On #ThisDayinHistory 1994, the Rwandan Civil War begins: The genocide had already begun and then 10 Belgian peacekeeping officers were killed in an effort to discourage international intervention: In approximately three months, Hutu extremists brutally murdered an estimated 1 million civilians from the Tutsi ethnic group, as well as moderate Hutus in the worst episode of ethnic genocide since World War II #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Apr.10: The immediate roots of the 1994 genocide dated back to the early 90s, when President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, began using anti-Tutsi rhetoric: Following that, there were several massacres of Tutsis in the country. Although both ethnic groups had shared the same language and culture for centuries, Rwandan law required registration based on ethnicity #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8278 Throughout the 90s, the government and army had been amassing Interahamwe (meaning “those who attack together”) and preparing for the elimination of the Tutsi ethnic, and in January 1994, UN forces in Rwanda warned that larger massacres were imminent…………..On April 6, 1994, President Habyarimana was killed when his plane was shot down: Hutu extremists in the military and civilian supporters were spurred into grisly action by the event and within hours of the crash the genocide began: Soon after the Belgian peacekeepers were killed, radio stations in Rwanda were broadcasting appeals to the Hutu majority to kill all Tutsis in the country…………By the summer, the RPF had defeated the Hutu forces and driven them out of the country and into several neighboring nations. However, by that time, an estimated 75 percent of the Tutsis living in Rwanda had been murdered…………….Despite the horrific crimes, the international community, including the U.S., hesitated to take definitive action…………President Clinton later called America’s failure to do anything to stop the genocide “the biggest regret” of his administration. #Rwanda #Genocide #CivilWar #OTD

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here https://t.me/acenewsdaily and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews

On #ThisDayinHistory 1969, the Chicago Eight, indicted on federal charges of conspiracy to incite a riot at the 1968 Democratic convention in Chicago, plead not guilty. The trial for the eight antiwar activists had begun on March 20:

#AceHistoryNews – Apr.09: The defendants included David Dellinger of the National Mobilization Committee (NMC); Rennie Davis and Thomas Hayden of SDS; Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin, founders of the Youth International Party (“Yippies”); Lee Weiner and John Froines; and Bobby Seale of the Black Panthers #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8300 The eight men were charged with conspiracy to cross state lines with intent to incite a riot. Attorneys William Kunstler and Leonard Weinglass represented all but Seale. The trial, presided over by Judge Julius Hoffman, turned chaotic as the defendants used the court as a platform against the war, racism, and oppression: Bobby Seale in particular wanted to represent himself; a right guaranteed by the U.S. legal system but denied him by the judge…………..To deal with Seale’s interruptions, at one point Judge Hoffman ordered Seale gagged and strapped to his chair………….Days of this caused defense attorney Kunstler to say: “This is no longer a court of order, Your Honor, this is a medieval torture chamber.” Seale’s case was eventually separated from that of the other defendants. When the trial ended in February 1970, Hoffman found all of the defendants and their two attorneys guilty of 175 counts of contempt of court and sentenced them each to terms ranging from two to four years………..Although declaring the defendants not guilty of conspiracy, the jury found all but Froines and Weiner guilty of intent to riot. The others were each sentenced to five years and fined $5,000……………However, none of the defendants served time because in 1972 a Court of Appeals overturned the criminal convictions, and eventually most of the contempt charges were also dropped. #Chicago1968 #Chicago8 #Chicago10 #wontyoupleasecometochicago #History #USHistory #LegalHistory #OTD

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here https://t.me/acenewsdaily and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews

On #ThisDayinHistory 1959, @NASA introduces America’s first astronauts to the press: Scott Carpen ter, L. Gordon Cooper Jr., John H. Glenn Jr., Virgil “Gus” Grissom, Walter Schirra Jr., Ala n Shepard Jr., and Donald Slayton: The seven men, all military test pilots, were carefully selected from a g roup of 32 candidates to take part in Project Mercury, America’s first manned space program. NASA pl anned to begin manned orbital flights in 1961 #AceHistoryDesk

#AceHistoryNews – Apr.09: On October 4, 1957, the USSR scored the first victory in the “space race” when it successfully launched the world’s 1st artificial satellite, Sputnik. In response, the U.S. consolidated its efforts into NASA and in January 1959, the astronaut selection process began with 110 candidates #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8294 An initial battery of written tests, interviews, and medical history reviews further reduced that number 36. After learning of the extreme physical and mental tests planned for them, four men dropped out: The final 32 candidates underwent exhaustive medical and psychological examinations. The men proved so healthy, however, that only one candidate was eliminated.

The remaining 31 candidates then traveled to the Wright Aeromedical Laboratory in Dayton, Ohio, where they underwent the most grueling part of the selection process. For six days and three nights, the men were subjected to tests of their tolerance of physical and psychological stress. Among other tests, the candidates were forced to spend an hour in a pressure chamber that simulated an altitude of 65,000 feet, and two hours in a chamber that was heated to 130°F (54°C). At the end of one week, 18 candidates remained and the selection committee was to choose six based on interviews…………But, seven candidates were so strong they ended up settling on that number. After they were announced, the “Mercury Seven” became overnight celebrities………… Less than one month later, on May 5, astronaut Alan Shepard was successfully launched into space on a suborbital flight and in February 1962, John Glenn became the first American to orbit Earth. NASA continued to trail the Soviets in space achievements until NASA’s Apollo program put the first men on the moon. #NASA #Spacerace #history #mercury7 #OTD

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here https://t.me/acenewsdaily and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews

Guest Featured Post: Eye Witness Account – Iwo Jima & Guam

The pages, unearthed 70 years after their origin, are stark in simplicity and detail: One young man, one typewriter, together aboard the U.S.S. Doyen.

Seaman Sal Marino

Seaman Sal Murino

“Hello everyone!” reads a handwritten greeting on the top of page one, followed by a single-spaced report complete with wisecracks and World War II talk direct from young Sal Murino to his family.

The long, yellowing letter from the U.S. Navy man offers a first-person recitation of the fighting from Dec. 1944-March 1945 as the devastating war finally enters its final year..

Click on images to read the letter.

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“We stayed at Iwo Jima for about 15 days,” wrote Murino, a round-faced young man in his 20s, whose sometimes fractured syntax still paints a vivid picture of the carnage in the Pacific Theater.

“To hear one combat fatigue(d) Marine put it who was smoking an endless chain of cigarettes — said, ‘Those bastards had us surrounded and throwing everything at us.’ Incidentally, this Marine wanted to go back and fight as he did not want to leave his buddies.”

The letters were in the custody of Murino’s niece, Marie, who across the decades tended carefully to the pages that preserved an unseen slice of history. Marie’s husband Jim, a regular reader of the Daily News, convinced her to share the letter seven decades after it reached her Brooklyn mailbox.

The missive was mailed to the entire Italiano family, living on DeGraw St. in South Brooklyn. Marie’s mother had three sisters and four brothers — Sal, Johnny and Tony were all fighting overseas.

“Iwo Jima … The Marines had a helluva time,” Sal wrote in one passage. “Jap resistance was very strong. This island was well fortified. … Our planes were zooming over them dropping their eggs and meanwhile from the sea our ships were shelling these same caves.”

USS Doyen

Yet progress against the tenacious Japanese fighters was slow despite the firepower — and came at a price.

His description of the war’s cost: “The task of removing the wounded was another hard job … These same wounded men not so long ago came walking up the gangplank with their rifles and equipment and now, some were able to walk by themselves and the others had to be assisted not only minus their rifles and equipment but a few with (out) their arms and limbs.”

He laid out the scene on the island of Guam, another hub of intense fighting.

“During our invasion last June it was without a question of doubt a place of ‘agony and hell’ (a partial payback for the sneaky attack on Pearl Harbor),” the sailor writes. “We saw many caves in the mountains — some as large as the tunnel of love you would find at amusement places.”

But months later, the only signs of battle were “remnants of Jap tanks, large guns still remained alongside the beaches. The natives were happy to see the Americans return.

“The majority of them wore American clothes and girls were painted with lipstick,” he wrote. “Mingling with them was entirely out, due to the old baloney of ‘military secrets.’”

But things soon heated up. He described a Japanese air attack on their ship where “the red emblem of the Rising Sun looked 25 times larger than under ordinary circumstances.” Three U.S. fighters then appeared in close pursuit of the Japanese plane.“About 1,000 yards away they bagged it and it came down in a burst of fire and smoke and into the water,” he recounted. “Cheers and laughter could be heard throughout the ship.”The letter closed as it opened, with a handwritten comment from the author.“P.S. Have heard from Tony and Johnny,” their brother relayed. “Both are fine. I too am in Tip-Top shape — no kidding … Say hello to the kids for me.”

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Military Humor –

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Farewell Salutes –

Taylor Conrad – Baton Rouge, LA; USMC, LCpl., 465th Squadron/3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, KIA

Arnold Harrison – Detroit, MI; USMC, WWII, PTO, Pfc, Co. B/1/2/2nd Marine Div., KIA (Betio)

Richard Holley – Dayton, OH; USMC, GSgt., 465th Squadron/3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, KIA

John Kiefer – Fairport, NY; US Army Air Corps, WWII, PTO, 11th Airborne Division

Charles Lazarus – WA; US Army, WWII, cryptographer

Zell Miller – Young Harris, GA; USMC, U.S. Senator & Governor

Samuel Phillips – Pinehurst, NC; USMC, 1st Lt., 465th Squadron/ 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, KIA

E.R. Reece – Klondike, OK; US Army, WWII & Korea, 24th Infantry Division

Samuel Schultz – Huntingdon Valley, PA; USMC, Captain, 465th Squadron/ 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, KIA

James Vincent – No. Sioux Falls, SD; US Army, WWII / Korea, Sgt.

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https://pacificparatrooper.wordpress.com/2018/04/09/eye-witness-account-iwo-jima-guam/

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here https://t.me/acenewsdaily and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews