FEATURED BLOGGER REPORT: Soviet Invasion – August 1945 By Pacific Paratrooper #AceHistoryDesk report s

Stalin’s simple purpose for declaring war against Japan was for territorial gain, for which he was prepared to pay heavily. Before launching their assault in Manchuria, the Soviets made provision for 540,000 casualties, including 160,000 dead. This was a forecast almost certainly founded upon an assessment of Japanese strength, similar to what the US estimated for a landing at Kyushu.

Manchurian operation map

Since 1941, Stalin had maintained larger forces on the Manchurian border than the Western Allies ever knew about. In the summer of 1945, he reinforced strongly, to create a mass sufficient to bury the Japanese. Three thousand locomotives labored along the thin Trans-Siberian railway. Men, tanks and matérial made a month-long trek from eastern Europe.

MANCHURIA: RED ARMY, 1945.
A Soviet marine waving the ensign of the Soviet navy as Soviet airplanes fly overhead after the victory over the Japanese occupation troops in Port Arthur, South Manchuria. Picture taken August 1945 by Yevgeni Khaldei.

Moscow was determined to disguise this migration. Soldiers were ordered to remove their medals and paint their guns with “On To Berlin” slogans. But train stations were often lined with locals, yelling support for them to fight the Japanese. So much for secrecy.

Some of the men thought they were returning home. After 4 years of war, they were dismayed to be continuing on. “Myself, I couldn’t help thinking what a pity it would be to die in a little war after surviving a big one,” said Oleg Smirnov.

After traveling 6,000 miles from Europe, some units marched the last 200 miles through the treeless Mongolian desert. “I’d taken part in plenty of offenses, but I’d never seen a build-up like this one,” said one soldier. “Trains arriving one after another… Even the sky was crowded: there were always bombers, sturmoviks, transports overhead.”

MANCHURIA, AUGUST 1945. Japanese cavalry troops along the Amur River in Manchukuo.

Machine-gunner Anatoly Silov found himself at a wayside station where he was presented with 5 mechanics, 130 raw recruits and crates containing 260 Studebaker, Chevrolet and Dodge trucks he was ordered to assemble. “As the infantry marched, the earth smelt not of sagebrush but of petrol.” Most of the men lost their appetites for food and cigarettes, caring only about thirst.”

By early August, 136,000 railway cars had transferred eastwards of a million men, 100,000 trucks, 410 million rounds of small-arms ammo, and 3.2 million shells. Even firewood had to be cut in forests and shipped 400 miles. “Many of the guys rubbished the Americans for wanting other people to do their fighting,” said Oleg Smirnov.

As troops approached the frontier, their camouflage and deception schemes were used to mask their movements. Generals traveled under false names. These veterans of the Eastern front were up against 713,724 of the so-called Manchukuo Army of which 170,000 were local Chinese collaborators. The Japanese weapons were totally outclassed by the Soviets’. Many mortars were homemade, some bayonets were forged from the springs of discarded vehicles.

MANCHURIA: RED ARMY, 1945.
Soviet troops in Harbin in Manchuria, after their victory over the Japanese occupation troops, 1945.

On 8 August 1945, the Soviet troops were told, “The time has come to erase the black stain of history from out homeland….” To achieve surprise, the Soviets denied themselves air reconnaissance. The 15th Army crossed the Amur River with the aid of a makeshift flotilla of commercial steamships, barges and pontoons. Gunboats dueled with the shore batteries. One Soviet armored brigade made it 62 miles into Manchuria before the rear units made it ashore.

The Japanese Guandong Army had suffered a tactical surprise by overwhelming forces. On the morning of 9 August, the Japanese commander, Otozo Yamada, called the Manchukuo Emperor, Pu Yi. Yamada’s assertions of confidence in victory were somewhat discredited by the sudden scream of air raid sirens and the concussions of Russian bombs. Pu Yi, a hypochondriac prey to superstition and prone to tears, an immature creature at 39, heartless in ruling his people, now was extremely paranoid and terrified of being killed.

Click on images to enlarge.

##############################################################################################

(Russian ?) Military Humor –

YOU get the CAR where IT needs to be!!

##############################################################################################

Farewell Salutes –

Mason Ashby – Floyds Knoles, IN, US Army, WWII, PTO

Donald Catron – Logan, UT; US Merchant Marines, WWII / US Army, 11th Airborne Division

Arthur Dappolonio – Boston, MA; US Army Air Corps, WWII

William Gutmann – KY; US Navy, WWII, PTO, USS Siboney, medic

Henry James – Rolla, ND; US Army Air Corps, WWII, PTO, SSgt., 3 Bronze Stars, Purple Heart

James Knight – Longview, WA; US Army Air Corps, WWII, PTO, 11th Airborne Division

Robert Lundberg – Erie, PA; US Army Air Corps, WWII,ETO, P-47 mechanic

James Petrie – Rangiora, NZ; 2NZEF # 19483, WWII, ETO, Pvt.

Roy Theodore – Lestock, CAN; Crash Rescue Firefighter, WWII, ETO

Eugene Williams – Washington D.C.; US Navy, WWII, ETO, LST, Purple Heart

##############################################################################################

Related

Japan – June 1945In “WWII”

Kamikaze Pilot Took His Wife On Fatal FlightIn “First-hand Accounts”

Background for KoreaIn “Korean War”

Source: https://pacificparatrooper.wordpress.com/2019/03/04/soviet-invasion-august-1945/GP Cox

Mar 4

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ Ace News Services Posts https://t.me/AceSocialNews_Bot and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews all private chat messaging on here https://t.me/sharingandcaring

Advertisements