On #ThisDayinHistory in 1973, America’s eight-year intervention in the Vietnam War had ended. Two mo nths after the signing of the Vietnam peace agreement, the last U.S. combat troops left South Vietnam as Han oi freed remaining American POWs held in North Vietnam

#AceHistoryNews – Mar.29: Two months after the signing of the Vietnam peace agreement, the last U.S. combat troops left South Vietnam as Hanoi freed remaining American POWs held in North Vietnam #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8212Pictured here is the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, a 2-acre U.S. national memorial in Washington D.C. that honors service members of the U.S. armed forces who fought in the Vietnam War, service members who died in service in Vietnam/South East Asia and service members who were unaccounted for (missing in action, MIA) during the war. More than 8.7 million Americans served in Vietnam, and more than 58,000 died: The total number of soldiers that remain unaccounted for is 1,600. Is there anyone specific in your life who you’re honoring on this #VietnamWarVeteransDay? #VietnamWar #War #USHistory #MilitaryHistory #Veterans 📷: Peter Marlow/ Magnum Photos #OTD #AceHistoryNews

#Brittius says …..Until Obama started running his mouth about rounding up veterans and taking guns, and all the other rubbish, I had almost completely forgotten that war. I would like to return to, forgetting the war. Time hazed much out, but every now and then, it comes back, and none of it is any good. Oil. That is what the war was all about, a select few made millions of dollars. LBJ, and the fake Gulf of Tonkin resolution about an attack that never happened. 58,220 US lives lost, for oil, and an imagined attack that the president must have gloated over. I want my youth back. I want to forget that war.

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On #ThisDayinHistory 1931, nine young men are arrested in what will become known as the Scottsboro Boys case.: On this same day in 1932, their fates were flipped as the Supreme Court handed down its decision in the case of Powell v. Alabama and overturned their convictions: On the same day that the case began, they were convicted and sentenced to death #AceNewsDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Mar.25: Nine young black men were arrested and accused of raping two white women, Victoria Price and Ruby Bates, on a train in Alabama: The boys barely escaped a lynch mob, but weren’t given lawyers until the day of the trial, and their representation was shoddy at best #AceHistoryDesk reports

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https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8196: The blatant unfairness of the case attracted the attention of people around the world. The transcript of the trial left the Supreme Court with no other choice but to throw out the convictions: Still, Alabama insisted on retrying the defendants. This time, Samuel Liebowitz, one of the premier defense attorneys of the day, came to represent the Scottsboro nine. It didn’t matter:

The jury, all white men because black men were systematically excluded, convicted once again. In fact, there would be many more trials of the Scottsboro defendants over the years and each time the jury convicted and was later reversed on appeal. When the saga finally ended, all of the defendants were finally released. But not after they had served an average of ten years for the phantom crime:

One of the defendants would be shot and killed in prison in 1936, Ruby Bates recanted her testimony in 1933, and the Scottsboro Boys were finally pardoned in 2013, 24 years after the last surviving defendant had died. #ScottsboroBoys #USHistory #History #OTD

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On #ThisDayinHistory 2003, the U.S., along with coalition forces primarily from the U.K., initiates war on I raq: Just after explosions began to rock Baghdad, Iraq’s capital, U.S. President George W. Bush anno unced in a televised address, “At this hour, American and coalition forces are in the early stages o f military operations to disarm Iraq, to free its people and to defend the world from grave danger #AceHisto ryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Mar.19: President Bush and his advisors built much of their case for war on the idea that Iraq, under dictator Saddam Hussein, possessed or was building weapons of mass destruction: Hostilities began about 90 minutes after the U.S.-imposed deadline for Saddam Hussein to leave Iraq or face war passed #AceHistoryDesk reports
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In response to the attacks, Republic of Iraq radio in Baghdad announced, “the evil ones, the enemies of God, the homeland and humanity, have committed the stupidity of aggression against our homeland and people.” Though Saddam Hussein had declared in early March 2003 that, “it is without doubt that the faithful will be victorious against aggression,” he went into hiding soon after the American invasion. Coalition forces were able to topple his regime and capture Iraq’s major cities in just three weeks, sustaining few casualties: President Bush declared the end of major combat operations on May 1, 2003: Despite the defeat of conventional military forces in Iraq, an insurgency has continued an intense guerrilla war in the nation in the years since military victory was announced, resulting in thousands of deaths: In June 2004, the provisional government in place since soon after Saddam’s ouster transferred power to the Iraqi Interim Government. In January 2005, the Iraqi people elected a 275-member Iraqi National Assembly…………A new constitution for the country was ratified that October………….. No weapons of mass destruction were found in Iraq. #Iraq #War #History #USHistory #Gulf #OTD #AceHistoryNews

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On #ThisDayinHistory 1852, Henry Wells & William G. Fargo join with several other investors to launch their namesake business: It was the discovery of gold in California in 1849 that prompted a huge spike in the demand for cross-country shipping Wells and Fargo decided to take advantage of these great opportunities and in July 1852, their company shipped its first loads of freight from the East Coast to mining camps scattered around northern California #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Mar.19: The company contracted with independent stagecoach companies to provide the fastest possible transportation and delivery of gold dust, important documents and other valuable freight. It also served as a bank, buying gold dust, selling paper bank drafts and providing loans to help fuel California’s growing economy #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8177 In the boom-and-bust economy of the 1850s, the company earned a reputation as a trustworthy and reliable business, and its logo–the classic stagecoach–became famous. During WWI, the U.S. government nationalised the company’s shipping routes and combined them with the railroads into the American Railway Express, effectively putting an end to Wells, Fargo and Co. as a transportation and delivery business: After two later mergers, the Wells Fargo Bank American Trust Company–shortened to the Wells Fargo Bank in 1962–became, and has remained, one of the biggest banking institutions in the U.S. #thewellsfargowagon #wellsfargo #History #USHistory #westward #OTD #AceHistoryNews

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On #ThisDayinHistory 1968 #MyLai Massacre American soldiers of Charlie Company were sent on what they were told was a mission to confront a crack outfit of their Vietcong enemies, but met no resistance and over three to four hours killed 504 unarmed civilians, mostly women, children and elderly men in My Lai and a neighboring community #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Mar.16: More than a thousand people in Vietnam marked Friday’s 50th anniversary of the My Lai massacre, the most notorious episode in modern U.S. military history, with talk of peace and cooperation instead of hatred: Speaking at Friday’s commemoration, provincial official Dang Ngoc Dung said My Lai was a typical case of “cruel crimes committed by aggressive and hostile forces” during the war. He did not mention the United States by name #AceHistoryDesk reports

But Dung said Vietnam wants to set aside the past and befriend other countries to build a better future in which peace and happiness can thrive.The commemoration comes at a time when bilateral relations between the U.S. and Vietnam are the strongest they’ve been since their normalization of relations in 1995: The United States is now one of Vietnam’s top trading partners and investors, and relations have also expanded to security and defence………Do Ba was 9 when American soldiers came to his house and rounded up his mother, three siblings and himself and took them to a drainage ditch. His mother and sibling were among the 170 people killed there.Ba was wounded, covered in blood and buried under bodies………….He played dead out of fear the soldiers would come back to kill him………..He was finally rescued by a U.S Army helicopter crew that landed amid the massacre and intervened to stop the killing.“Twenty years ago, I still harbored hatred against the American soldiers who killed my mother, brothers and sister,” he said “But now after 50 years as Vietnam and the United States together developed their relations, people set aside their pain and suffering to build a better society.”At Friday’s event, several dozen girls wearing traditional Ao Dai outfits and dove headgear, performed dances in tribute for the victims and to promote peace. Participants including government leaders, villagers and a group of American veterans laid flowers to pay tribute to the victims.Historian Duong Trung Quoc noted that as the event was organized a U.S. aircraft carrier was making a friendly visit to a nearby port, the first since the war.“The war has ended and both nations have learned from its lessons,” Quoc said. “The greatest outcome of the lessons is for two nations to come close together in friendship and shared responsibilities, for the benefit of the people in both countries.”Americans who visit My Lai seem as often motivated by guilt as by wishes for a better world. It is a sort of pilgrimage for many and several have established projects, such as school and medical facilities, to contribute to the development of My Lai.Mike Hastie, a 73-year old retired nurse from Portland, Oregon, who served as a U.S. Army medic from September 1970 to September 1971 in Vietnam’s Central Highlands, was a visitor this week. He thinks many veterans do not come because they are too ashamed to face the Vietnamese people.“It’s just important that the My Lai massacre never be forgotten, because I think the greatest sin that we could commit would be to forget the 504 Vietnamese people who were murdered at My Lai……………That’s why the history has to be kept alive, not only for them but their relatives and for the country of Vietnam,” he said: Vietnam marked 50 years since the My Lai massacre on Friday in a memorial ceremony at the site of the killings that was attended by survivors of the massacre, their families, and around 60 U.S. Vietnam War veterans and anti-war activists https://t.me/ReutersWorld/43513 #OTD #AceHistoryNews

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On #ThisDayinHistory 1820, Maine becomes the 23rd state: The addition was part of the Missouri Compromise between the North and the South: Administered as a province of Massachusetts since 1647, the entrance of Maine as a free state was agreed to by Southern senators in exchange for the entrance of Missouri as a slave state #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Mar.15: In 1604, French explorer Samuel de Champlain visited the coast of Maine and claimed it as part of the French province of Acadia: However, French attempts to settle Maine were thwarted when British forces under Sir Samuel Argall destroyed a colony on Mount Desert Island in 1613 #AceHistoryDesk reports

Sir Ferdinando Gorges, a leading figure in the Plymouth Company, initiated British settlement in Maine after receiving a grant and royal charter, and upon Gorges’ death in 1647 the Massachusetts Bay Colony claimed jurisdiction: Gorges’ heirs disputed this claim until 1677, when Massachusetts agreed to purchase Gorges’ original proprietary rights………………As part of Massachusetts, Maine developed early fishing, lumbering, and shipbuilding industries and in 1820 was granted statehood……….In the 19th century, the promise of jobs in the timber industry lured many French Canadians to Maine from the Canadian province of Quebec, which borders the state to the west………..With 90 percent of Maine still covered by forests, Maine is known as the “Pine Tree State” and is the most sparsely populated state east of the Mississippi River. #Maine #Lighthouse #Moose #Lobster #PineTreeState #TBTT #OTD #AceFinanceNews

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On #ThisDayinHistory 1942, the Quartermaster Corps of the U.S. Army begins training dogs for the newly estab lished War Dog Program, or “K-9 Corps.” Well over a million dogs had served on both sides during World War I, carrying messages along the complex network of trenches and providing some measure of psychological comfort to the soldiers #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Mar.14: The most famous dog to emerge from the war was Rin Tin Tin, an abandoned puppy found in France in 1918 and taken to the U.S., where he made his film debut in the 1922 silent film The Man from Hell’s River: As the first bona fide animal movie star, Rin Tin Tin made the little-known German Shepherd breed famous across the country #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8167 In the U.S., the practice of training dogs for military purposes was largely abandoned after World War I, but when the country entered World War II, the American Kennel Association and a group called Dogs for Defense began a movement to recruit dogs. Training began in March 1942, and that fall the QMC was given the task of training dogs for the U.S. Navy, Marines and Coast Guard as well:
Members of the K-9 Corps were trained for a total of 8 to 12 weeks……….After basic obedience training, they were sent through one of four specialised programs to prepare them for work as sentry dogs, scout or patrol dogs, messenger dogs or mine-detection dogs. In active combat duty, scout dogs proved especially essential by alerting patrols to the approach of the enemy and preventing surprise attacks………………The top canine hero of World War II was Chips who served with the Army’s 3rd Infantry Division. Trained as a sentry dog, Chips broke away from his handlers and attacked an enemy machine gun nest in Italy, forcing the entire crew to surrender……………..The wounded Chips was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, Silver Star and the Purple Heart–all of which were later revoked due to an Army policy preventing official commendation of animals……………This particular dog is also famous, it’s Rin Tin Tin III! He’s notable for costarring with young Robert Blake in 1947’s The Return of Rin Tin Tin and for helping to train the K-9 corps. #RinTinTin #WWII #WWI #dogsofwar #theyregooddogsbrent #germanshepard #animalsatwar #history #k9veteransday #OTD #AceHistoryNews

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#thisdayinhistory

On #ThisDayinHistory 1879, Albert Einstein is born in Ulm, Germany. His theories of special and general rela tivity drastically altered man’s view of the universe, and his work in particle and energy theory he lped make possible quantum mechanics and, ultimately, the atomic bomb. Einstein studied physics and mathemat ics at the Federal Polytechnic Academy in Zurich, Switzerland and in 1905 was awarded a Ph.D. from the Unive rsity of Zurich while working at the Swiss patent office in Bern #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Mar.14: That year, he published five theoretical papers that were to have a profound effect on the development of modern physics. In the first of these, titled “On a Heuristic Viewpoint Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light,” Einstein theorized that light is comprised of individual quanta (photons) that demonstrate particle-like properties while collectively behaving like a wave. This work would later earn him the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8169 Although the public was slow to embrace his revolutionary science, he was welcomed by Europe’s most eminent physicists and given multiple professorships. As a world-renowned public figure, he became increasingly political, taking up the cause of Zionism and speaking out against militarism and rearmament……….In his native Germany, this made him an unpopular figure, and after Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933, Einstein renounced his German citizenship and left the country. He later settled in the U.S., where he accepted a post at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. He would remain there for the rest of his life. In 1939, despite his lifelong pacifist beliefs, he agreed to write to President Franklin D. Roosevelt on behalf of a group of scientists who were concerned with American inaction in the field of atomic-weapons research. Like the other scientists, he feared sole German possession of such a weapon……………He played no role, however, in the Manhattan Project and later deplored the use of atomic bombs against Japan. He became an American citizen in 1940 and died in Princeton in 1955. #AlbertEinstein #Theory #PiDay #HBD #History #GreatMinds #😛 #OTD #AceHistoryNews

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On #ThisDayinHistory in 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave his first national radio address or “fireside chat,” broadcast directly from the White House #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Mar.12: He began that first address simply: “I want to talk for a few minutes with the people of the United States about banking.” He went on to explain his recent decision to close the nation’s banks in order to stop a surge in mass withdrawals by panicked investors worried about possible bank failures #AceHistoryNews reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8163 At the time, the U.S. was at the lowest point of the Great Depression, with between 25 and 33 percent of the work force unemployed: The nation was worried, and Roosevelt’s address was designed to ease fears and to inspire confidence in his leadership………. Roosevelt went on to deliver 30 more of these broadcasts between March 1933 and June 1944………..They reached an astonishing number of American households, 90% of which owned a radio at the time. #USHistory #FDR #OTD

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On #ThisDayinHistory 1888, one of the worst blizzards in American history strikes the Northeast, killing more than 400 people and dumping as much as 55 inches of snow in some areas. New York City ground to a near halt in the face of massive snow drifts and powerful winds from the storm #AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – Mar.11: At the time, approximately one in every four Americans lived in the area between Washington D.C. and Maine, the area affected by the Great Blizzard of 1888. Despite drifts that reached the second story of some buildings, many city residents trudged out to New York’s elevated trains to go to work, only to find many of them blocked by snow drifts and unable to move #AceHistoryDesk reports
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https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8156 Up to 15,000 people were stranded on the elevated trains; in many areas, enterprising people with ladders offered to rescue the passengers for a small fee. In addition to the trains, telegraph lines, water mains and gas lines were also located above ground. Each was no match for the powerful blizzard, freezing and then becoming inaccessible to repair crews: Simply walking the streets was perilous…………..In fact, only 30 people out of 1,000 were able to make it to the New York Stock Exchange for work; Wall Street was forced to close for three straight days………There were also several instances of people collapsing in snow drifts and dying, including Senator Roscoe Conkling, New York’s Republican Party leader……….But New York was not the only area to suffer. Along the Atlantic coast, hundreds of boats were sunk in the high winds and heavy waves……….The snowfall totals north of New York City were historic: Keene, New Hampshire, received 36 inches; New Haven, Connecticut, got 45 inches; and Troy, New York, was hit by 55 inches of snow over 3 days. In addition, thousands of wild and farm animals froze to death in the blizzard………In the wake of the storm, officials realized the dangers of above-ground telegraph, water and gas lines and moved them below ground. In New York City, a similar determination was made about the trains, and within 10 years, construction began on an underground subway system that is still in use today. #Blizzard #History #USHistory #Weather #OTD #AceHistoryNews

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