#ThisDayinHistory 1961, Shortly after midnight on East German soldiers begin laying down barbed wire and bricks as a barrier between Soviet-controlled East Berlin and the democratic western section of the city – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – Aug.13: After World War II, defeated Germany had been divided into Soviet, American, British and French zones of occupation. The city of Berlin, though technically part of the Soviet zone, was also split, with the Soviets taking the eastern part of the city.

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/6818 After a massive Allied airlift in June 1948 foiled a Soviet attempt to blockade West Berlin, the eastern section was drawn even more tightly into the Soviet fold

Over the next 12 years, cut off from its western counterpart and basically reduced to a Soviet satellite, East Germany saw 2.5 -3 million of its citizens head to West Germany in search of better opportunities. By 1961, some 1,000 East Germans were leaving every day. In August, the Communist leader of East Germany, got the go-ahead from Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev to begin the sealing off of all access between East and West Berlin. Soldiers began the work over the night of August 12-13, laying more than 100 miles of barbed wire. The wire was soon replaced by a 96-mile-long wall of concrete blocks, complete with guard towers, machine gun posts and searchlights. Many Berlin residents on that first morning found themselves suddenly cut off from friends or family members in the other half of the city. Led by their mayor, Willi Brandt, West Berliners demonstrated against the wall. The Berlin Wall became one of the most powerful and iconic symbols of the Cold War.

From 1961 to 1989, a total of 5,000 East Germans escaped; many more tried and failed. High profile shootings of some would-be defectors only intensified the Western world’s hatred of the Wall.

Finally, on November 9, 1989, masses of East and West Germans alike gathered at the Berlin Wall and began to climb over and dismantle it. As this symbol of Cold War repression was destroyed, East and West Germany became one nation again, signing a formal treaty of unification on October 3, 1990. #Berlin #BerlinWall #ColdWar #AceHistoryNews

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#ThisDayinHistory 1899 Alfred Hitchcock, the macabre master of moviemaking, was born His innovative directing techniques and mastery of suspense made him one of the most popular and influential filmmakers of the 20th century – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – Aug.13: In 1920, he began to work in the silent-film industry, writing and illustrating title cards. Determined to become a filmmaker himself, he rose to the positions of art director, scriptwriter, and assistant director #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/6814 During the 1930s, he gained international fame with immensely popular thrillers such as “The Man Who Knew Too Much,” “The 39 Steps,” and “The Lady Vanishes.” In 1939, he left England for Hollywood, lured by its superior technical facilities. His first American film was “Rebecca,” a drama starring Laurence Olivier that won an Academy Award for Best Picture and further cemented Hitchcock’s reputation.Hitchcock remained in Hollywood and directed a string of memorable thrillers in the 1940s, serving as his own producer, thereby ensuring greater artistic control over his films. The psychologically complex and technically innovative films that followed are regarded as his most brilliant. To build and maintain suspense, Hitchcock employed unusual camera angles, elaborate editing techniques, dynamic soundtrack music, and touches of wry humor and the macabre. With his courtly manner, pear-shaped figure, and farcical drawl, Hitchcock became a celebrity in his own right, and in the 1950s and 1960s he produced and hosted two mystery series on television and also made cameos in most of his films, and movie fans stayed alert to catch his fleeting, often humorous appearances on the screen.

Although he never won an Oscar for his film direction, he received the prestigious Irving Thalberg Award in 1967. In 1980, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II of his native Britain, even though he had long been a naturalized U.S. citizen. Hitchcock died later that year, having directed nearly 60 films in his long career. #AlfredHitchcock #filmhistory #AceHistoryNews

EDITOR: Thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet for all our daily news and minute by minute 24-hours a day on https://t.me/acenewsdaily and free help and guidance tips are on AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews