The Spanish conquest of Petén was the last stage of the conquest of Guatemala, a prolonged conflict dur ing the Spanish colonisation of the Americas – @AceHistoryNews

.The Itza, the Yalain, the Kowoj, and other Maya populations in Petén were engaged in a complex web of alliances and enmities before the conquest. Petén was first penetrated by Hernán Cortés with a sizeable expedition that crossed the territory from north to south in 1525.

In the first half of the 16th century Spain established neighbouring colonies in Yucatán to the north and Guatemala to the south.

In 1622 a military expedition from Yucatán led by Captain Francisco de Mirones was massacred by the Itza.

In 1628 the Manche Ch’ol of the south were placed under the administration of the colonial governor of Verapaz within the Captaincy General of Guatemala.

In 1695 another expedition tried to reach Lake Petén Itzá from Guatemala. Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi captured Nojpetén, the island capital of the Itza kingdom, in 1697, defeating the last of the independent native kingdoms in the Americas and incorporating them into the Spanish Empire.

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