#SNIPPETS OF HISTORY: Allied troops capture Jericho during the First World War – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – Feb.22: Today in history: Allied troops capture Jericho during the First World War

The capture of Jericho on February 21, 1918, was a pivotal moment in the allies’ advance during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War One.

British troops, commanded by General Edmund Allenby, began their offensive against Ottoman forces just outside of Jerusalem on February 19, and managed to successfully capture to Jericho in just three days.

The capture of Jericho marked the beginning of the occupation of the Jordan Valley. (Wikimedia Commons)

176.png © 2000 – 2015 Al Bawaba

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❤️FEATURED: St Valentine’s finger beckons lovers to Coventry on the ‘ Special Day of Love ‘ ❤️ – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – Feb.13: St Valentine’s finger beckons lovers to Coventry_88179548_relic.jpgAs romance beckons for lovers on 14 February, there is the rare chance to see the part of St Valentine himself which may have blessed couples centuries ago. A relic – purported to be a fragment of bone from the holy man’s finger – is on display at St John’s Church in Coventry. Why?

Those hoping for a macabre thrill will be disappointed. This is no shrivelled finger on a cushion. The shard of bone is sealed inside a reliquary, an ornate case about 4 in (10 cm) tall.

But church warden Ann Tuesley hopes people will flock to a special Sunday Mass, which she described as “perfect for couples who are getting engaged“.

There is no concrete reason St Valentine’s finger should be in Coventry, although as church council member Cam Morgan said:

Coventry is a city of peace and reconciliation and it seems right that someone who valued courtly love is associated with our city“.

In the early 1800s a catacomb in Rome purported to contain St Valentine was excavated.

According to theologian Kenneth L. Woodward, popes have tended to be generous with the remains of saints, which were treated as a “spiritual treasury“. Many important visitors to Rome came away with the gift of a saint’s body – or at least part of one.

Relics became symbols of prestige for churches and cities, and St John’s Church was a well-established and influential place of worship. It was founded in 1344 following the death of Edward II by his widow Queen Isabella, and continued to have royal patronage.

Following Henry VIII’s dissolution, the church closed in 1546. It reopened in 1734, soon resuming its earlier prominence – although Anglo Catholic rather than Roman Catholic.

When St Valentine was parcelled up and posted around the world, it was natural a piece of him was sent to St John’s.

“We normally keep the relic locked away in a safe,” Ms Morgan said. “So it’s quite special to have it out for people to see.

“I think it’s really romantic that it’s the finger which may well have blessed all those young couples so long ago.”

Can we be certain the bit of bone is actually a bit of St Valentine?
No. But like artwork, genuine relics are accompanied by a certificate of authenticity. They are issued by the Roman Curia – the administrative body through which the Pope conducts the affairs of the universal Catholic Church.

In addition, the reliquary in which the relic is placed has a wax seal affixed to it which also has a stamp of authenticity.

In the end though, Ms Morgan said: “Like many things, it’s a leap of faith”.

Who was St Valentine?

According to the Catholic Encyclopaedia, at least three Saint Valentines are mentioned in the early martyrologies under the date of 14 February. One is described as a priest in Rome, another as a Bishop of Interamna (now Terni in Italy) and the other lived and died in Africa. The one we think of today is probably the Roman priest – and it is purported to be his finger which is in Coventry.

The basic story is one of a priest imprisoned for marrying sweethearts in secret in defiance of the emperor, who believed unmarried soldiers fought better, as they were unfettered by worry by what would happen to their wives or families if they died.

While in prison, Valentine healed the jailer’s blind daughter and they became friends, with her visiting him. On the day of his execution, the saint left a note for the girl signed ‘Your Valentine‘.

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FEATURED: Germanys Court rules that a ‘ Pre-Dynastic Vase ‘ has to be Repatriated back to Egypt after it was seized back in 2014 by customs authorities – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – Feb.13: Egypt repatriates pre-dynastic vase from Germany

Germany’s Freiburg Court has issued a ruling acknowledging Egypt’s liability in repatriating an ancient vase dates back to Egypt’s pre-dynastic period, the Antiquities Ministry announced in a statement Friday.

The vase was among a set of ancient Egyptian artifacts seized by the German customs authorities in Stuttgart 2014. The court ruled all the artifacts should be returned back to Egypt “after the Ministry of Antiquities presented all sufficient evidences proving Egypt’s liability,” Antiquities Minister Mamdouh al Damaty said in a statement Friday.

Egypt’s pre-dynastic (prehistoric) refers to the period before Egypt’s first dynasty was founded in around 3,200 B.C.

It is not clear when the artifacts will be delivered to the Egyptian embassy in Berlin in preparation for sending it back to Egypt. The statement did not mention how the set of the artifacts reached Germany but they were probably the result of in illicit digging activities in one of Egypt’s archaeological sites.

Egypt’s political turmoil since the January 25 Revolution in 2011 and its consequent security lapse left the country’s cultural heritage vulnerable to looting.

During the past four years, Egypt has recovered more than 1,600 artifacts and is currently working on other cases in many European countries, head of the Repatriated Artifacts Department Aly Ahmed told The Cairo Post.

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FEATURED: A ‘ Funerary Solar Boat ‘ believed to be 4,400 years old and used to transport the Pharoah to the afterlife found in Giza – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – Feb.07: 4,400 year-old wooden boat unearthed near Abu Sir Pyramids

A funerary boat has been unearthed near the 4,400 year-old Abu Sir pyramids south of Giza, the antiquities ministry said in a statement Thursday.

The find was excavated during routine cleaning of an ancient mastaba (tomb of a nobleman) carried out by Czech archaeology mission.

This is a highly unusual discovery since boats of such a size and construction were during this period reserved solely for top members of the society, who usually belonged to the royal family,” Miroslav Barta the director of the Czech mission was quoted by the AFP.

Barta suggests the 18-meter boat dates back to the end of the third or beginning of the fourth dynasty.

Solar boats in ancient Egypt were usually made of cedar wood brought from Lebanon, tour guide Magdy Abdel Mohsen told The Cairo Post.

Ancient Egyptian solar ships – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egyptian_solar_ships

They were either used to transport the corpse of the Pharaoh from the east bank to the west bank of the River Nile, where the body was mummified and buried or, according to the ancient Egyptian afterlife belief, served as means to transport the pharaoh to eternity,” said Mohsen.

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FEATURED: Coloured Seal bearing the name ‘ Pharaoh Thutmose III believed to be 3,500 years old has been found in Israel – Cairo Post – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – Feb.07: 3,500 year-old seal of Pharaoh Thutmose III found in Israel

A colored seal bearing the name of ancient Egypt’s Pharaoh Thutmose III was accidentally discovered at the Mount Hattin north of Jerusalem, announced the Israel Antiquities Authority Thursday.

The seal, which carved in the shape of a scarab beetle, was discovered by a farmer, curator of Egyptian archaeology department at the Daphna Ben-Tor museum said.

“The seal represents Pharaoh Thutmose III (1481-1425 BC) seated on the throne of Egypt with his name carved in hieroglyphic. The seal indicates the impact of cultural, economic and political of Egypt in Canaan during the Late Bronze Ag,” said Ben-Tor.

Known as “the Napoleon of Egypt,” Tuthmosis III was the sixth Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. During the first 22 years of his 54-year reign, he was co-regent with his stepmother and aunt, Queen Hatshepsut, former head of the Supreme Council of Antiquities Abdel Halem Nour el-Din told The Cairo Post Tuesday.

His statues were much smaller than those of Ramses II and Amenhotep III as he was a busy military man and an active expansionist ruler, who led 16 successful military campaigns in 20 years and was said to have captured over 300 cities and conquered much of the Near East from the Euphrates to Nubia,” said Nour el-Din.

His campaign records were transcribed onto the walls of the temple of Amun at Karnak, according to Nour el-Din, the Battle of Megiddo probably was the largest battle in any of his campaigns.

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FEATURED: CAIRO: Security forces unearth a Roman Empire-era temple in Upper Egypt’s Sohag – @AceHistoryNews 

#AceHistoryNewsRoman Empire-era temple unearthed in Upper Egypt’s Sohag

A large temple with rare archeological pieces has been discovered, Alaa al-Sebaei, Tourism and Antiquities Police directorate official in Upper Egypt’s Sohag, told Youm7 Wednesday.

Sebaei was notified that a citizen excavated beneath his house in Sakulta, a small Upper Egyptian city near Akhmim; the security forces stormed the citizen’s house and arrested him.

The security forces found a big hole leading to a crypt then to a big temple that dates back to the Roman Empire.

An old kingdom boat at Abusir area was discovered by a mission of the Czech Institute of Egyptology in Egypt, Minister of Antiquities Mamdouh al-Damaty said in a statement Monday.

The sarcophagus of Ankh-f-n-khonsu, a high priest of ancient Egyptian god Amun Ra, has been unearthed in the west bank of Luxor, Antiquities Minister Mamdouh al Damaty announced Nov. 26, 2015.

Ace Related News:

The Roman Era Temple at Shenhur in Middle Egypt

http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/shenhur.htm

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