“The Peacock complaining to Juno”, by Gustave Moreau (1881).
Hera (Roman equivalent: Juno) was Zeus’ wife and sister, and was raised by the Titans Oceanus and Tethys. She was the supreme goddess, patron of marriage, family and childbirth, having a special interest in protecting married women.
Hera, like her siblings, was swallowed by her father Cronos (Rhea‘s husband) as soon as she was born.
Zeus with the help of Metis later tricked Cronos into a swallowing a potion that forced him to disgorge his offspring.
The legitimate offspring of her union with Zeus are Ares (the god of war), Hebe (the goddess of youth), Eris (the goddess of discord) and Eileithvia (goddess of childbirth).
Johann Jakob Bachofen (“An Investigation of the Religious and Juridical Character of Matriarchy in the Ancient ), considered that Hera, was originally the goddess of a matriarchal people, presumably inhabiting Greece before the…