‘ Apportionment and the First Presidential Veto ‘

#AceHistory2ResearchNews – Nov.15 – This is first class blog post and writer and explores an area of American History, that is under attack at present, namely the Constitution.

Photo of the Constitution of the United States of America. A feather quill is included in the photo.The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America and is the oldest codified written national constitution still in force. It was completed on September 17, 1787.

‘Photo of the Constitution of the United States of America. A feather quill is included in the photo.The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America and is the oldest codified written national constitution still in force. It was completed on September 17, 1787 ‘

I love history and recently I have been researching congressional apportionment.  But what you ask, is apportionment?  According to Merriam Webster’s online dictionary, one of the definitions is to “divide and share out according to a plan.”   I can see how this might apply to pizza and pie but what does this have to do with Congress?  To answer that question, I turn to one of  my favorite documents, the Constitution of the United States of America

Article I covers Congress, its composition and its powers and duties.  According to Article I, section  3, clause 1 every state is to have have two senators.  However, there is no set figure for the number of representatives per state.  Rather Article I, Section 2, Clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution provides a method for calculating the number of representatives on a regular basis:

Representatives … shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. 

The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct.

The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative;

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