‘ Thanks Giving Proclamation New York 1789 ‘

#AceHistory2ResearchNews – UNITED STATES – The ‘ Thanksgiving Proclamation ‘ [New York, 3 October 1789]

By the President of the United States of America. a Proclamation.

' Thanksgiving Proclamation ' [New York, 3 October 1789]

‘ Thanksgiving Proclamation ‘ [New York, 3 October 1789]

Whereas it is the duty of all Nations to acknowledge the providence of Almighty God, to obey his will, to be grateful for his benefits, and humbly to implore his protection and favour—and whereas both Houses of Congress have by their joint Committee requested me “to recommend to the People of the United States a day of public thanksgiving and prayer to be observed by acknowledging with grateful hearts the many signal favours of Almighty God especially by affording them an opportunity peaceably to establish a form of government for their safety and happiness.”

Now therefore I do recommend and assign Thursday the 26th day of November next to be devoted by the People of these States to the service of that great and glorious Being, who is the beneficent Author of all the good that was, that is, or that will be—That we may then all unite in rendering unto him our sincere and humble thanks—for his kind care and protection of the People of this Country previous to their becoming a Nation—for the signal and manifold mercies, and the favourable interpositions of his Providence which we experienced in the course and conclusion of the late war—for the great degree of tranquillity, union, and plenty, which we have since enjoyed—for the peaceable and rational manner, in which we have been enabled to establish constitutions of government for our safety and happiness, and particularly the national One now lately instituted—for the civil and religious liberty with which we are blessed; and the means we have of acquiring and diffusing useful knowledge; and in general for all the great and various favours which he hath been pleased to confer upon us.

And also that we may then unite in most humbly offering our prayers and supplications to the great Lord and Ruler of Nations and beseech him to pardon our national and other transgressions—to enable us all, whether in public or private stations, to perform our several and relative duties properly and punctually—to render our national government a blessing to all the people, by constantly being a Government of wise, just, and constitutional laws, discreetly and faithfully executed and obeyed—to protect and guide all Sovereigns and Nations (especially such as have shewn kindness unto us) and to bless them with good government, peace, and concord—To promote the knowledge and practice of true religion and virtue, and the encrease of science among them and us—and generally to grant unto all Mankind such a degree of temporal prosperity as he alone knows to be best.

Given under my hand at the City of New-York the third day of October in the year of our Lord 1789.

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‘ Jerusalem’s 800-Year Old Indian Hospice ‘

#AceHistoryNews -Nov.23 –There is a little corner of Jerusalem that is forever India. At least, it has been for more than 800 years and its current custodian has plans for his family to keep the Indian flag flying for generations to come. http://m.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-30122030

via DuckDuckGo for iOS

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SNIPPETS OF HISTORY: ‘ Timeless Traditional Threads: S.Asia Women Dresses ‘

#AceHistory2ResearchNews – Featured History Post – The area of South Asia comprises Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Nepal, and Bhutan. 

The geographical terrain varies from mountainous regions along the northern borders, to desert areas, arid and semiarid zones dependent on monsoon rains for agriculture, the uplands of the Deccan Plateau, tropical wetlands, and the rich valleys of the Indus and Ganges rivers, seats of ancient cultures. 

traditional_dresses_of_south_asia_by_azad126-d4ibd6t

Despite differences in physical appearance, language, and other ethnological features, the people of South Asia share to a considerable degree a common cultural heritage. Sanskrit and Prakrit, the languages of the region’s most ancient texts, the Mahabharataand Ramayana, great epics dating from ca. 500-300 B.C.E., reinforce cultural links and a sense of shared tradition throughout the region.

South Asia preferred the use of draped garments, regional variations occur throughout the areas. These are influenced by geo-climatic conditions, and socio-cultural environment. religious rituals and classical learning. Wrapped and draped garments appear to be the oldest form of attire in South Asia. Nevertheless, awls found at archaeological sites of the Harappan civilization, in the Indus Valley in present day Pakistan (third millennium B.C.E.) indicate that leather stitching and embroidery were practised there. Stitched garments entered the region with ancient migrations of people from Central Asia.

The assumption made by some European scholars that Muslims introduced tailoring to South Asia is baseless and incorrect. For the earliest local literature preserves words for the needle (suchi), the thimble (pratigraha), scissors (sathaka), and even for the sewing bag, showing that tailoring was practised in ancient times.

South Asia has the distinctive characteristic that women have maintained their traditional way of dress. The elite younger generation does wear Western dress and the universal jeans, but for special occasions many would prefer to mark the occasion in a local dress. The debate is always open for discussing the clothing for women in the region as a way of compliance and subversion of women into the stereotypical South Asian women that is based on the our way of dressing.

However, south asian women are very strongly aware of these notions and this has led to the discursive positioning that we maintain. Therefore, our use of traditional dressing does not necessarily imply compliance, but on the contrary it is a statement against oppression and existing patriarchy. As noted very intuitively by South Asia’s Dr. Shaminder Takhar in her book Gender, Ethnicity and Political Agency: South Asian Women Organizing.

Those of us, who are feminists have always used one form or other of traditional dresses to make profound statements on women rights, status and equality struggles. Women’s bodies have throughout time been a tool on which societies carry out their agendas (mostly anti-women friendly) but before dismissing me, or my strong, suave south Asian sisters, please remember that “there is more to us” then just our modest and bright colourful dresses.

Because when I or countless others wear any traditional local dress, we are usually making a strong statement that we are not ashamed to carry forward our traditions and neither ashamed to set right society’s shenanigans.

After all, we are the carriers of strength that comes into forms of resilience, rebellion and retributions. 

Posted in Gender and Women Issues

Featured Writer Post: South East Asia News

Date: November 23 2014

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SNIPPETS OF HISTORY: ‘ The Horse Protection Act 1970 ‘

#AceHistory2ResearchNews – Nov.16 – The Horse Protection Act of 1970 is a United States federal law, under which the practice of soring is a crime punishable by both civil and criminal penalties.


Soring is the practice of applying irritants (including objects such as nails, example pictured) or blistering agents to the front feet or forelegs of a horse, making it pick its feet up higher in an exaggerated manner that creates the "action" desired in the show ring, giving practitioners an unfair advantage over other competitors.

The Act makes it illegal to show a horse or enter it at a horse show, to auction, sell, offer for sale, or transport a horse for any of these purposes if it has been sored. It is enforced by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, a branch of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Violations are detected by observation, palpation and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry to identify chemicals on horses’ legs.


Certain training techniques and topical anesthetics can be used to avoid detection by the first two methods. In 2013, an amendment to the Act was proposed in the U.S. House of Representatives to toughen penalties and outlaw "stacks", or layers of pads attached to the front hooves.

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SNIPPETS OF HISTORY: ‘ Hurricane Claudette Third Tropical Storm & First Hurricane of 2003 ‘

#AceHistoryNews – Nov.16 – Hurricane Claudette was the third tropical storm and first hurricane of the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season. A fairly long-lived July Atlantic hurricane, Claudette began as a tropical wave in the eastern Caribbean.
It moved quickly westward, brushing past the Yucatán Peninsula before moving north-westward through the Gulf of Mexico.

Claudette remained a tropical storm until just before making landfall in Port O’Connor, Texas, when it quickly strengthened to a strong Category 1 hurricane.
Forecasting its path and intensity was uncertain, resulting in widespread and often unnecessary preparations along its path.

Claudette was the first hurricane to make landfall in July in the United States since Hurricane Danny in the 1997 season.

The hurricane caused one death and moderate damage in Texas, mostly from strong winds, as well as extensive beach erosion.

Because of the damage, President George W. Bush declared portions of South Texas as a Federal Disaster Area, allowing the affected citizens to apply for aid.

Claudette also caused significant rainfall and minor damage in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo, as well as minor damage on Saint Lucia.

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‘ Apportionment and the First Presidential Veto ‘

#AceHistory2ResearchNews – Nov.15 – This is first class blog post and writer and explores an area of American History, that is under attack at present, namely the Constitution.

Photo of the Constitution of the United States of America. A feather quill is included in the photo.The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America and is the oldest codified written national constitution still in force. It was completed on September 17, 1787.

‘Photo of the Constitution of the United States of America. A feather quill is included in the photo.The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America and is the oldest codified written national constitution still in force. It was completed on September 17, 1787 ‘

I love history and recently I have been researching congressional apportionment.  But what you ask, is apportionment?  According to Merriam Webster’s online dictionary, one of the definitions is to “divide and share out according to a plan.”   I can see how this might apply to pizza and pie but what does this have to do with Congress?  To answer that question, I turn to one of  my favorite documents, the Constitution of the United States of America

Article I covers Congress, its composition and its powers and duties.  According to Article I, section  3, clause 1 every state is to have have two senators.  However, there is no set figure for the number of representatives per state.  Rather Article I, Section 2, Clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution provides a method for calculating the number of representatives on a regular basis:

Representatives … shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. 

The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct.

The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative;

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GERMANY: ‘ CELEBRATES THE FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL 25 YEARS AGO TODAY ‘

#AceHistory2ResearchNews – BERLIN – Germany on Sunday celebrates the 25th anniversary of the night the Berlin Wall fell, a pivotal moment in the collapse of communism and the start of the country’s emergence as the major power at the heart of Europe as was reported by AP.  

'East and West Germans converse at the newly created opening in the Berlin Wall after a crane removed a section of the structure beside the Brandenburg Gate.'

‘East and West Germans converse at the newly created opening in the Berlin Wall after a crane removed a section of the structure beside the Brandenburg Gate.’ 

A 15-kilometer (nine-mile) chain of lighted balloons along the former border will be released into the air early Sunday evening – berlin09-1around the time on Nov. 9, 1989 when a garbled announcement by a senior communist official set off the chain of events that brought down the Cold War’s most potent symbol.

' Berlin Mauer '

‘ Berlin Mauer ‘

The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a barrier that existed between 1961 and 1990,[1] constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off (by land) West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin until it was opened in 1989.[2]

' Berlin Wall Death Strip '

‘ Berlin Wall Death Strip ‘

The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls,[3] which circumscribed a wide area (later known as the “death strip”) that contained anti-vehicle trenches, “fakir beds” and other defences. The Eastern Bloc claimed that the wall was erected to protect its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the “will of the people” in building a socialist state in East Germany.

Berlin_Wall_1961-11-20

In practice, the Wall served to prevent the massive emigration and defection that marked East Germany and the communist Eastern Bloc during the post-World War II period.

East_Berlin_Death_Strip_seen_from_Axel_Springer_Building_1984

East Berlin Death Strip seen from Axel Springer Building 1984

The Berlin Wall was officially referred to as the “Anti-Fascist Protection Rampart” (German: Antifaschistischer Schutzwall) by GDR authorities, implying that neighbouring West Germany had not been fully de-Nazified.[4] The West Berlin city government sometimes referred to it as the “Wall of Shame“—a term coined by mayor Willy Brandt—while condemning the Wall’s restriction on freedom of movement.

Along with the separate and much longer Inner German border (IGB), which demarcated the border between East and West Germany, it came to symbolize the “Iron Curtain” that separated Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War.

Before the Wall’s erection, 3.5 million East Germans circumvented Eastern Bloc emigration restrictions and defected from the GDR, many by crossing over the border from East Berlin into West Berlin, from where they could then travel to West Germany and other Western European countries. Between 1961 and 1989, the wall prevented almost all such emigration.[5] During this period, around 5,000 people attempted to escape over the wall, with an estimated death toll of over 100[6] in and around Berlin, although that claim is disputed.[7]

In 1989, a series of radical political changes occurred in the Eastern Bloc, associated with the liberalization of the Eastern Bloc’s authoritarian systems and the erosion of political power in the pro-Soviet governments in nearby Poland and Hungary. After several weeks of civil unrest, the East German government announced on 9 November 1989 that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin.

Crowds of East Germans crossed and climbed onto the wall, joined by West Germans on the other side in a celebratory atmosphere. Over the next few weeks, euphoric public and souvenir hunters chipped away parts of the wall; the governments later used industrial equipment to remove most of what was left.

Contrary to popular belief the wall’s actual demolition did not begin until Summer 1990 and was not completed until 1992.[1]

The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on 3 October 1990.

AP – Wikipedia – Media Sources 

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