‘ Interesting Snippets of History Broad-Billed Extinct Parrot Classified as a Member of the Tribe it Was Named After Psittaculini ‘

#AceHistory2ResearchNews – (MAURITIUS) – July 14 – The broad-billed parrot is a large extinct parrot in the family Psittaculidae that was endemic to the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean. It has been classified as a member of the tribe Psittaculini, and may have been closely related to the Rodrigues parrot.

The broad-billed parrot had a large head in proportion to its body, a distinct crest of feathers on the front of the head, and a very large beak that would have
enabled it to crack hard seeds.

(See if You can Spot the Parrot in the Wood Cut Circa 1601)

Subfossil bones indicate that the species exhibited greater sexual dimorphism in overall size and head size than any living parrot. A contemporary description indicates that it had a blue head, a greyish or blackish body, and perhaps a red beak.

The broad-billed parrot was first referred to as the "Indian raven" in Dutch ships’ journals from 1598 onwards.

It was first scientifically described from a subfossil mandible in 1866, but this was not linked to the few brief contemporary descriptions until the rediscovery of a
detailed 1601 sketch (pictured).

The bird became extinct in the 17th century owing to a combination of deforestation, predation by introduced invasive species, and probably also because of hunting.

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