#AceHistory2ResearchNews says ‘ Nice Post and Really Interesting and Worth Sharing #AHRN2014
#AceHistory2ResearchNews – UNITED STATES – July 27 – On this day in 1974, the House Judiciary Committee recommends that America’s 37th president, Richard M. Nixon, be impeached and removed from office.
(Letter of Resignation of Richard E Nixon)
( Richard E Nixon Leaving White House )
The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970’s as a result of the June 17, 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., and the Nixon administration‘s attempted cover-up of its involvement.
(Water Gate Complex)
The term Watergate has come to encompass an array of clandestine and often illegal activities undertaken by members of the Nixon administration. Those activities included "dirty tricks" such as bugging the offices of political opponents and people of whom Nixon or his officials were suspicious. Nixon and his close aides ordered harassment of activist groups and political figures, using the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).
( Richard E Nixon Giving Televised Address Explaining Release of Transcripts)
The scandal led to the discovery of multiple abuses of power by the Nixon administration, articles of impeachment, and the resignation of Richard Nixon, the President of the United States, on August 9, 1974 — the only resignation of a U.S. president to date.
The scandal also resulted in the indictment, trial, conviction, and incarceration of 43 people, dozens of whom were Nixon’s top administration officials.
Great writing Lorra and very informative post. #AH2RN2014
Every one of the men buried in the cemetery, as well as those in the Canadian and British military cemeteries, has been adopted by a Dutch family who mind the grave, decorate it, and keep alive the memory of the soldier they have adopted. It is even the custom to keep a portrait of “their” American soldier in a place of honor in their home. Annually, on “Liberation Day,” memorial services are held for “the men who died to liberate Holland.” The day concludes with a concert. The final piece is always “ll Silenzio,” a memorial piece commissioned by the Dutch and first played in 1965 on the 20th anniversary of Holland’s liberation. It has been the concluding…
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#AceHistory2ResearchNews – (MAURITIUS) – July 14 – The broad-billed parrot is a large extinct parrot in the family Psittaculidae that was endemic to the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean. It has been classified as a member of the tribe Psittaculini, and may have been closely related to the Rodrigues parrot.
(See if You can Spot the Parrot in the Wood Cut Circa 1601)
Subfossil bones indicate that the species exhibited greater sexual dimorphism in overall size and head size than any living parrot. A contemporary description indicates that it had a blue head, a greyish or blackish body, and perhaps a red beak.
It was first scientifically described from a subfossil mandible in 1866, but this was not linked to the few brief contemporary descriptions until the rediscovery of a
detailed 1601 sketch (pictured).
The bird became extinct in the 17th century owing to a combination of deforestation, predation by introduced invasive species, and probably also because of hunting.
#AceHistory2ResearchNews – July 13 – Joel Brand (1906–1964) was a rescue worker, born in Transylvania and raised in Germany, who became known during the Holocaust for his efforts to save Hungary’s Jews from deportation to Auschwitz.
A leading member of Budapest’s Aid and Rescue Committee, which smuggled Jews out of occupied Europe, Brand was approached in April 1944 by Adolf Eichmann, the German SS officer in charge of the deportations.
He proposed that Brand broker a deal between the SS and the United States or Britain, in which the Nazis would exchange one million Jews for 10,000 trucks for the Eastern front and large quantities of other goods.
Historians believe the SS intended the deal as cover for peace talks that would exclude the Soviet Union.
The failure of the negotiations, and the wider issue of why the Allies were unable to save the 435,000 Hungarian Jews sent to Auschwitz, was bitterly debated for decades.
Brand said shortly before his death:
"An accident of life placed the fate of one million human beings on my shoulders.
I eat and sleep and think only of them."
#AceHistoryNews – NEW YORK (Osego) July 08 – Underwater explorers say they’ve found the wreck of a U.S. Air Force twin-engine plane that crashed into Lake Ontario more than 60 years ago.
The C-45 flew for miles on its own after its three-man crew and two civilian passengers bailed out when one of the engines failed during a flight over central New York in 1952.
The aircraft flew on automatic pilot for more than an hour before it crashed into the lake off Oswego.
A team of explorers from the Rochester area say Tuesday that they located the nearly intact plane in deep water while searching for historic shipwrecks on the lake’s eastern end.
The C-45 was on a routine flight on Sept. 11, 1952, from Bedford, Massachusetts to Griffiss Air Force Base in Rome, New York when it crashed.
#AceHistoryNews – July 05 – Mona Mahmudnizhad (September 10, 1965 – June 18, 1983) was an Iranian Bahá’í who, in 1983, together with nine other Bahá’í women, was sentenced to death and hanged in Shiraz, Iran because of her membership in the Bahá’í Faith.
The official charges ranged from “misleading children and youth” because she was teaching children who had been expelled from school for their beliefs and serving in an orphanage to being a ‘Zionist’ because the Bahá’í World Centre is located in Israel.
While Bahá’ís regularly faced persecution in Iran, the Islamic Revolution of 1979 refocused the persecution. At 7:30pm on October 23, 1982, four armed revolutionary guards, sent by the public prosecutor of Shiraz, entered the Mahmudnizhad household and ransacked the home in search of Bahá’í material.
When they were finished they took Mona and her father into custody.
The two were blindfolded and taken to Seppah prison in Shiraz, where they were placed in separate quarters; Mahmudnizhad was detained in Seppah prison for a total of 38 days.
On November 29, 1982, she and five other Bahá’í women were transferred from Seppah prison to Adelabad prison, which was also in Shiraz. After some time in Abelabad she was transferred to the Islamic Revolutionary Court where she was interrogated and then returned to prison.
A few days later, she was once again taken from the prison and interrogated in front of an Islamic Revolutionary Judge. After these series of interrogations which involved physical torture by the use of a cable being whipped at the sole of the women’s feet, Mahmudnizhad was found guilty and sentenced to death by hanging.
At the time of her sentencing, the President of the United States, Ronald Reagan, made a plea for clemency; despite this, the sentence of the 10 women was carried out on the night of June 18, 1983, in a nearby polo field.
The names and ages of the other women who were hanged with Mahmudnizhad were:
- Nusrat Yalda’i, 54 years old
- ‘Izzat Janami Ishraqi, 50 years old
- Roya Ishraqi, 23 and daughter of ‘Izzat
- Tahirih Siyavushi, 32 years old
- Zarrin Muqimi, 28 years old
- Shirin Dalvand, 25 years old
- Akhtar Sabit, 19 or early 20’s
- Simin Saberi, early 20’s
- Mahshid Nirumand, 28 years old
In September 2007 the Iran Human Rights Documentation Center published a case study on the subject.