(Comfort Station in World War II)
The seven-building complex in the eastern city of Nanjing housed more than 200 “comfort women” forced to have sex with Japanese soldiers during World War II.
(It was the largest such facility in Asia, according to Xinhua)
The designation comes as China seeks to increase attention on Japanese imperial aggression during the early 20th century, while at the same time acting more assertively over disputed islands in the East China Sea controlled by Tokyo.
(Inquirer) – Relations between the two Asian giants soured in 2012 when Tokyo nationalised a few of the long-disputed islands, known as Diaoyu in China and Senkaku in Japan.
(Dispute over Islands Continues)
Japan invaded China in the 1930’s and the two countries fought a full-scale war from 1937 until Tokyo’s defeat in World War II in 1945.
The Second Sino-Japanese War (July 7, 1937 – September 9, 1945), called so after the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894–95, was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from 1937 to 1941. China fought Japan, with some economic help from Germany (see Sino-German cooperation), the Soviet Union (see Soviet Volunteer Group) and the United States (see American Volunteer Group). After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, the war merged into the greater conflict of World War II as a major front of what is broadly known as the Pacific War.
(Massacre and Rape of Nanjing)
In February this year Beijing approved national remembrance days to commemorate Japan’s defeat and the "Rape of Nanjing" — six weeks starting in December 1937 in which Japanese soldiers rampaged across the city.
The Nanking Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking, was an episode of mass murder andmass rape committed by Japanese troops against Nanking (current official spelling: Nanjing) during the Second Sino-Japanese War. The massacre occurred during a six-week period starting December 13, 1937, the day that the Japanese captured Nanking, which was then the Chinese capital
Chinese estimates of the dead run as high as 300,000, although some respected foreign academics put the number significantly lower.
In February Nanjing applied to UNESCO to include documents relating to the event in its Memory of the World Register.
(Photograph of Nanjing Massacre)
The documents are first-hand materials that recorded the massacre, and are of historical importance, said Zhu Chengshan, curator of the memorial hall of the victims, on Wednesday.
Preparation work began in 2009, and the application process started in March this year, when the State Archives Administration handed the documents to the Memory of the World secretariat, according to Zhu, who initiated the application.
The documents, which include diaries, films, photographs and testimonies, depict the brutality of Japanese invaders in the massacre, Zhu told Xinhua.
"These documents truthfully record the atrocities," Zhu said. (XINHUA)