#AceHistory2ResearchNews – RUSSIA – May 21 – Starting in 2013, Russia will celebrate Polar Explorer Day every May 21. In December 2012, members of the Federation Council, including Artur Chilingarov, Special Presidential Representative for International Cooperation in the Arctic and the Antarctic, suggested instituting Polar Explorer Day.
During an April 25 question-and-answer session, Russian President Vladimir Putin supported the idea of instituting this professional holiday and suggested beginning already on May 21, 2013.
Officials at the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment believe that specialists who have spent many years in the Arctic and the Antarctic, as well as the residents of Arctic regions, geologists and oceanographers, military personnel, oil and gas prospectors and production workers, can receive polar explorer status.
In all, about two million Russians can apply for this status. Experts believe that the institution of the new professional holiday will raise the prestige of work in the Arctic and the Antarctic, and that this will also help incentivize professionals to relocate to polar regions.The date May 21 was not chosen at random.
On May 21, 1937, the first SP-1 science and research expedition started working at the Polar Drifting Station, which was later renamed the North Pole (SP)-1 Station.In February 1936, the Politburo of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) decided to establish a drifting Arctic research station.The SP-1 drifting station was officially opened on June 6, 1937.
That same day, airplanes, which had delivered the station crew and ten metric tons of freight to the station, took off and headed back for mainland Russia.
The four researchers, Ivan Papanin, Yevgeny Fyodorov, Pyotr Shirshov and Ernst Krenkel, remained on the ice-floe. They came to be known as “Papanin’s Gang.” The expedition was expected to work near the North Pole for 12 months, to conduct numerous experiments and to implement other research projects.
The SP-1 station crew helped provide meteorological support for the air crews of Valery Chkalov and Mikhail Gromov, who flew to the United States non-stop that same year.
They also provided hydrometeorological support for the ill-fated crew of the N-209 / TBA aircraft commanded by Sigizmund Levanevsky, which disappeared without a trace in August 1937, and for subsequent search-and-rescue missions.
On March 6, 1938, the results of the expedition were submitted to participants in a general meeting of the USSR Academy of Sciences and were praised by top leaders.
All four expedition members became Heroes of the Soviet Union. The North Pole 1 station ushered in a new era in the exploration of the Arctic, and its research data became a landmark in the development of science.
Ace Related News:
- Courtesy Ria Novosti /Arctic RU – 21/05/2014 – http://tinyurl.com/mazb6dz
- Courtesy of VoR – 22/05/2014 – http://tinyurl.com/kyuzybh
- Courtesy of Arctic Information – 15/03/2013 http://tinyurl.com/lq4m6pq
- Courtesy of First Post – 17/05/2014 – http://tinyurl.com/kt3npbj
- Courtesy of The Moscow Times – 22/05/2014 – http://tinyurl.com/m2l7gwu