` Decipher the Notes in the Margin of 1504 Edition of Homer’s Odyssey and Earn $1,000 ‘

#AceHistory2Research – April 28 – Once upon a time, somebody read this 1504 edition of Homer’s Odyssey and, apparently taken by it, wrote in the margins of Book 11, describing the journey to the underworld of Hades.

The man who donated the book to the University of Chicago wants to solve the mystery of what was handwritten around the text, and is offering $1,000 to whomever can successfully decipher the notes.

The unidentified donor suspects the script is a kind of 19th-century shorthand, possibly French, but “he acknowledges that this hypothesis remains unsupported by any evidence offered to date,” according to the University of Chicago.

The notes appear on only two pages.

It may be worth noting the University of Chicago is the same college where, in 2012, a mysterious package arrived, addressed to “Henry Walton Jones, Jr.,” better known as Indiana Jones.

It turns out that item was a replica from the 1989 film “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.” The piece of memorabilia had apparently had been sold on-line and fell out of its outer packaging en route to its buyer.

This mystery is sure to be a lot tougher to crack. We broke out our secret decoder ring, but were immediately stymied when we realized the book’s text is written in Greek.

Perhaps there is somebody out there with the time and expertise to break the code. If so, there’s a $1,000 waiting, as well as an unprecedented amount of nerd cred.

So, what are you waiting for? Spread the word and let’s solve this thing.

Link to University of Chicago follow link and down the text and enjoy:
http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/identify-mystery-text-win-1000/index.html

Follow Mike Krumboltz on Twitter (@mikekrumboltz).

#AH2RN2014

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#homers-odyssey

#AceHistory2Research SALT LAKE CITY A $10 Mormon gold…

#AceHistory2Research – SALT LAKE CITY – A $10 Mormon gold coin fetched $705,000, and a $20 Mormon gold coin sold for $558,000 at auction a few weeks ago.

They were the rarest of a seven-piece collection of Mormon coins made in 1849 that brought in nearly $2 million at an auction staged by Dallas-based Heritage Auctions.

The territorial coins, put up for sale by a collector, went to an undisclosed buyer. Bidding ended Thursday night.

Tyson Emery, a coin expert at All About Coins in Salt Lake City, said coins and currency were scare when Mormon pioneers arrived in Utah in 1847, and the settlers began making their own coins primarily to buy goods from the East.

“The gold that they used to make these Mormon gold coins came from the original California gold strike, probably right from the American River at Sutter’s Mill,” he told the Deseret News (http://bit.ly/1h1t3cv ).

Only 46 of the $10 gold coins were made, and just a few are still around. Emery had predicted the $10 piece would sell for at least $500,000.

The equipment used to make the coins was crude, and not a lot of coins were made as a result. While rare, Mormon coins are put up for sale from time to time, Emery said.

Mormon currency came in denominations including $2½, $5, $10 and $20. Simple and rugged designs showed clasped hands, with uneven lettering and numbers.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints History Museum has a replica display featuring coins, dies and other equipment.

The prices for the other coins that were sold at auction this week ranged from $64,625 to $235,000.

Ace Related News:
1. Information from: Deseret News – April 28 – http://tinyurl.com/djby8

2 April 28 – http://tinyurl.com/lyjlef7

#AH2RN2014

#salt-lake-city

Discoveries Challenge Beliefs on Humans’ Arrival in the Americas

Ace News Services

SERRA DA CAPIVARA NATIONAL PARK, Brazil — Niede Guidon still remembers her astonishment when she glimpsed the paintings.

Preserved amid the bromeliad-encrusted plateaus that tower over the thorn forests of northeast Brazil, the ancient rock art depicts fierce battles among tribesmen, orgiastic scenes of prehistoric revelry and hunters pursuing their game, spears in hand.

“These were stunning compositions, people and animals together, not just figures alone,” said Dr. Guidon, 81, remembering what first lured her and other archaeologists in the 1970s to this remote site where jaguars still prowl.

Hidden in the rock shelters where prehistoric humans once lived, the paintings number in the thousands. Some are thought to be more than 9,000 years old and perhaps even far more ancient. Painted in red ocher, they rank among the most revealing testaments anywhere in the Americas to what life was like millenniums before the European conquest began a mere five…

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#ah2rn2014, #shaunynews

` Donbass Roots of Violence and Division But Who Really Founded the Capital but a Welsh Engineer ‘

#AceHistory2Research – UKRAINE – April 22 – When President Vladimir Putin described Donetsk as “Novorossia” in his call-in show late last week and stressed the region’s ties to Russia, he left out the fact that the region’s capital was actually founded by a Welsh engineer and entrepreneur named John Hughes.

Imagine the scene. It is 1870 and a hundred ironworkers from Merthyr Tydfil, Dowlais and Rhymney suddenly find themselves in the wilds of Czarist Russia, in the area we now know as the Ukraine.

“This is Novorossia: Kharkov, Luhansk, Donetsk, Kherson, Mykolaiv, Odessa did not belong to Ukraine in tsarist times,” Putin said. “All these territories were transferred to Ukraine in the 1920’s by the Soviet government.

But what exactly is Donbass, where armed separatists are so determined to create their own autonomous state?

The area over which Russia and Ukraine have locked horns for the past several weeks has an especially complex history, one that may be unknown even to the separatists touting a “People’s Republic of Donetsk” who have captured government buildings and hoisted the self-proclaimed autonomy’s red, black and blue flag on their masts.

Hughes left his mark on Donbass after receiving permission from the Russian tsarist government in 1868 to develop metal works there, and a year later he founded the area as Yuzovka — derived from the Russian pronunciation of Hughes’ name. It was later renamed Donetsk.

The term “Novorossia” goes back even further and denotes territory of modern-day south-eastern Ukraine that was conquered by the Russian Empire from the Crimean Khanate and Ottoman Turkey in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Novorossiya (Russian: Новоро́ссия, Ukrainian: Новоросія; literally New Russia) is a historical term denoting an area north of the Black Sea which was conquered by the Russian Empire at the end of the 18th century.
It included the southern part of the Zaporizhian Sich and the steppes between the Zaporizhian Sich and the northern coast of the Black Sea which had previously been controlled for centuries by the Crimean Khanate and Ottoman Turkey.
Administratively the newly incorporated area became known as the Novorossiysk Governorate with Novorossiysk (present-day Ukrainian city of Dnipropetrovsk, not to be confused with present-day Novorossiysk, Russian Federation) as its capital. In the 19th century Novorossiya was the name of the General Government centred in Odessa, a major port on the north-west coast of the Black Sea.

Novorossiya was changing during the beginning of the 19th century due to the intensive movement of Russians who rapidly created towns, villages and agricultural colonies in the area.

The word Donetsk refers to the Donetsk coal basin, which stretches roughly from the Dnipropetrovsk region in Ukraine to the Rostov region in Russia. It is also just one of many terms for areas of modern-day southeastern Ukraine and south-western Russia with roots in different historical periods, from the 16th century to the Soviet era.

Ace Related History News:
1. http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/donbass-roots-of-violent-division-geography-history-culture/498447.html
2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novorossiya
3. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/legacy/waleshistory/2010/06/john_hughes_the_ironmaster_of_yuzovka.html
4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Hughes_(developer)

#AH2RN2014

#donbass, #donetsk, #novorossia, #president-vladimir-putin, #russia, #ukraine, #ukrainian, #yuzovka

` Holy Fire is a Miracle that Dates Back to 1579 of an American Patriarch Prayed and Lightening Hit a Pillar and Lit a Candle'

AceHistory2Research – JERUSALEM – April 19 – The Holy Fire (Greek ‘Αγιος Φως, literally “Holy Light”) is a miracle that occurs every year at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem on Holy Saturday, the day preceding Pascha.

It is considered by many to be the longest-attested annual miracle in the Christian world, though the event has only been documented consecutively since 1106. In many Orthodox countries around the world the event is televised live.

The ceremony begins at noon when the Patriarch of Jerusalem or another Orthodox Archbishop recites a specific prayer. The faithful gathered will then chant “Lord, have mercy” (Kyrie eleison in Greek) until the Holy Fire descends on a lamp of olive oil held by the patriarch while he is alone in the tomb chamber of Jesus Christ. The patriarch will then emerge from the tomb chamber, recite some prayers, and light either 33 or 12 candles to distribute to the faithful.

The fire is also said to spontaneously light other lamps and candles around the church. Pilgrims say the Holy Fire will not burn hair, faces, etc., in the first 33 minutes after it is ignited. Before entering the Lord’s Tomb, the patriarch or presiding archbishop is inspected by Israeli authorities to prove that he does not carry the technical means to light the fire. This investigation used to be carried out by Turkish soldiers.

The Holy Fire is first mentioned in the documents dating from the 4th century. A detailed description of the miracle is contained in the travelogue of the Russian igumen Daniel, who was present at the ceremony in 1106. Daniel mentions a blue incandescence descending from the dome to the edicula where the patriarch awaits the Holy Fire. Some claim to have witnessed this incandescence in modern times.

During the many centuries of the miracle’s history, the Holy Fire is said to have descended on certain other occasions, usually when heterodox clergymen attempted to obtain it. According to the tradition, in 1099, for example, the failure of Crusaders to obtain the fire led to street riots in Jerusalem.

It is also claimed that in 1579, the Armenian patriarch prayed day and night in order to obtain the Holy Fire, but the Fire miraculously struck a column near the entrance and lit a candle held by the Orthodox patriarch standing nearby.

Upon entering the temple, many Orthodox Christians venerate this column, which bears marks and a large crack attributed to the bolt of lightning from the Holy Fire.

Ace Related News:
1. Celebrating The Holy Fire and the Miracle of Jesus http://wp.me/p165ui-4S1

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#acehistory2research, #jerusalem, #jesus-christ, #the-holy-fire

The sound bite may be eclipsing the profundity…

The sound-bite may be eclipsing the profundity of the information age in terms of the popular imagination… Many aspire for the ability to deliver a glib sound-bite and become attractive to audio and video media contingents and stardom… The emerging digital social media such as twitter, facebook, linkedin, and others offer a 140 character commentary solicitation for the public to engage and interact with mainstream radio and TV personalities and programs. Texting is emerging as the sine qua non of 21st century communication, and texting is being touted as evidence of the information age. Without question the sound-bite is a new age popular culture phenomenon that offers little if any substance to communicate knowledge and understanding… Also sound-bites cannot satiate the intellectual appetite of some of us for substance, content and context… Therefore, while some are fascinated, intrigued and consumed by the sound-bite, others seek to identify and consume a sound-meal… Introducing: Sound-Meal.com, a new Blog focused on expanding the sound-bite culture to a sound-meal culture directed to those of us that seek substance and context on matters and issues… www.Sound-Meal.com is under construction…

` Voice of America and the Voice of the People Since 1941 One Person and his Recollections ‘

#AceHistory2Research – UNITED STATED – April 14 – On a grey day between the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour and Christmas 1941, while a research assistant at the Harvard Law School, I was walking across Harvard Yard and was stopped by Professor William Langer, a professor of German History, who asked me: “Walter, you know German, don’t you”? I answered in the affirmative. “We need people like you”, he continued. “Would you like to work for the US Government”? I answered in the affirmative again. “OK, you will hear from us”, he said, and we both went on our way.

Early in the New Year 1942, I received a letter from the Coordinator of Information (COI) inviting me to come to Washington. Meanwhile, I heard that Professor Langer had signed up with U. S. intelligence. So I assumed that my interview in Washington would relate to a possible job in intelligence.

I remember taking the overnight train from Boston to Washington and seeing a number of people there but was told at the end of the day that a possible job would be in New York. The man I was supposed to see there was Edd Johnson. An appointment was arranged for the following day at 270 Madison Avenue.

It had become clear to me that the agency I was dealing with (COI) had both intelligence and information functions with the former apparently concentrated in Washington, while the latter were directed from New York.

Edd Johnson, who headed the Research and Analysis section, came across as a stern, no nonsense man who got to the point immediately stating that the COI was in the process of preparing broadcasts in German, and that it was essential for the writers to know the propaganda climate to which they would be broadcasting. Could I reconstruct the weekly internal propaganda directive of the German Ministry of Propaganda, he asked. I answered that I probably could, provided I had the necessary material, i.e. the most recent German newspapers and transcripts of German internal radio broadcasts. I recalled that while still living in Europe, I used to listen to a weekly broadcast by Hans Fritzsche (one of Dr. Goebbels’ senior assistants) who seemed to read the weekly propaganda directive directly to the German people every Friday evening. I wondered whether Fritzsche was still on the air. Johnson said that he would try to assemble the necessary material by asking the American Legation in Bern, Switzerland, to provide it. He told me that he would be in touch with me when the newspapers and radio transcripts arrived.

I returned to my job at Harvard. Within a couple of weeks, I was asked to come back to New York. All the material was there, including the weekly newspaper Das Reich that, in its editorial, practically duplicated the weekly broadcasts of Hans Fritzsche. In the next few hours, I tried to reconstruct, on the basis of the material received, the latest weekly directive that Goebbels and company had written, which was designed to keep the morale of the German people at its highest possible level.

Edd Johnson read it and asked me to come with him to see James Warburg, who he said, was in charge of policy. At the end of the meeting, I was told that they would let me know in a few days whether I would be offered a job.

The Dean of the Harvard Law School knew of my visits to Washington and New York. When the offer from the COI came, I suggested that I spend a day or two a week in New York and move there after the Harvard semester was over. Harvard found this arrangement acceptable, as did COI, which, in any event, needed some additional time to clear me for a civil service position, in that I was still an alien at that time.

Once on the job, I realized that foreign information work was a new activity for the United States Government. I also became aware that the vital wherewithal was lacking – the U. S. Government did not own a single short wave transmitter.

Read More of: Dr. Walter R. Roberts started his government career with the Voice of America. He retired from the government after serving as Associate Director of the U.S. Information Agency. President George H. W. Bush appointed and President Bill Clinton reappointed him as member of the U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy. He is the author of Tito, Mihailovic and the Allies, 1941-1945 and numerous articles on foreign policy. http://www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/item/2009/1012/fsl/roberts_voice.html

#ah2rn2014, #dr-walter-r-roberts, #new-york, #us, #voa, #voice-of-america-voa, #washington