Fifteen Years ago `NATO ' invaded ` Yugoslavia ' and left their Mark and their Memories '

#AceHistory2Research – YUGOSLAVIA – 22 March – Fifteen years after NATO invaded Yugoslavia, memories of the 78-day bombing are still haunting present-day Serbia. Above all, people ask why the alliance brought them death and destruction. RT presents its documentary ‘Zashto?’ from the war-torn country.

http://img.rt.com/files/news/23/fd/90/00/1443125_yt_zashto_promo__480p.mp4?event=download

On March 24, 1999, when NATO started its ruthless bombing campaign against Yugoslavia, Jelena Milincic was a student at the University of Belgrade, and just 18 years old.

When the first strikes hit in the evening, she, her mother, sister, and best friend cowered under a table.

Remembering this now, 15 years later, they laugh.

Back then, it was terrifying.

For the next three months, the relentless air-strikes became part of Jelena’s – and many other people’s – lives.

“In ’99, I was 16 and I was studying in a theatre school. I had no idea that a country in central Europe was being bombed for three months,” RT America journalist Anissa Naouai says in the film.

Operation Allied Force, as it was code-named, lasted until June 10, 1999. Tragically, NATO’s aggression resulted in more than 2,000 civilian deaths, including 88 children.

The authors of ‘Zashto?’ – which means “Why?” in English – Serbian Jelena Milincic and American Anissa Naouai traveled through former Yugoslavia to Belgrade, Kosovo, and Montenegro. They spoke to people who endured the atrocities and horrors of the war and lost loved ones.

“We were just looking for important, heartfelt stories. Serbia is not a very large country, and everywhere we went we found people who were personally affected by the bombings, and feel the war’s impact to this day,” said Milincic, a Serbian journalist.

“Our goal was to show the aspects of the conflict that you did not see in the news, the stories of civilians affected by the events,” Milincic added.


To watch the documentary ‘Zashto?’ tune in to RT on March 24.

RT (Exclusive) 1443125_yt_zashto_promo__480p (1).mp4
http://img.rt.com/files/news/23/fd/90/00/1443125_yt_zashto_promo__4

http://on.rt.com/jc53sm

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` The Democratic Republican Party ‘

#AceHistory2Research – UNITED STATES – 22 March – In United States history, the Democratic-Republican Party, the Republican Party or the Jeffersonian Republicans was a political party organized by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in 1791-93, which opposed the Federalist Party and controlled the Presidency and Congress, and most states, from 1801 to 1825, during the First Party System.

It split after the 1824 presidential election into two parties: the Democratic Party and the short-lived National Republican Party (later succeeded by the Whig Party, some of whose members in 1854 helped to found the modern Republican Party).

The organization formed first as an “Anti-Administration” secret meeting in the national capital (Philadelphia) to oppose the programs of Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton.

Jefferson needed to have a nationwide party to challenge the Federalists, a nationwide party organized by Hamilton.

Foreign affairs took a leading role in 1794-95 as the Republicans vigorously opposed the Jay Treaty with Britain, which was then at war with France.

Republicans saw France as more democratic after its revolution, while Britain represented the hated monarchy. The party denounced many of Hamilton’s measures (especially the national bank) as unconstitutional.

The party was strongest in the South and weakest in the North-east. It favoured states’ rights and the primacy of the yeoman farmers.

Republicans were deeply committed to the principles of republicanism, which they feared were threatened by the supposed monarchical tendencies of the Hamiltonians/Federalists.

The party came to power in 1801 with the election of Jefferson in the 1800 presidential election.

The Federalists — too elitist to appeal to most people — faded away, and totally collapsed after 1815.

The Republicans, despite internal divisions, dominated the First Party System until partisanship itself withered away during the Era of Good Feelings after 1816.

The party selected its presidential candidates in a caucus of members of Congress. They included Thomas Jefferson (nominated 1796; elected 1800-1, 1804), James Madison (1808, 1812), and James Monroe (1816, 1820). By 1824, the caucus system had practically collapsed.

After 1800, the party dominated Congress and most state governments outside New England. By 1824, the party was split 4 ways and lacked a centre.

One remnant followed Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren into the new Democratic Party by 1828.

That party still exists. Another remnant led by John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay formed the National Republicans in 1828; it held its first convention in late 1831 in Baltimore.

It morphed into the Whig Party by 1835.

The Whig Party fell apart in the mid-1850’s because it could not bridge North-South differences on slavery, while the Democrats held together by taking positions favoured by the South.

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