“Freedom of Information Act”

This logo was used to illustrate an article on...

This logo was used to illustrate an article on reacting to Freedom of Information Act requests (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The History of the Freedom of Information Act and the TTB

#AceHistoryNews says the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) gives any person the right to request access to records of the Executive Branch of the United States Government. The records requested must be disclosed unless they are protected from disclosure by any of the nine exemptions contained in the law or by one of three special law enforcement record exclusions. The Freedom of

Act of July 4, 1966, Public Law 89-487, 80 STA...

Information Act (FOIA), 5 U.S.C. Sec. 552, enacted in 1966, , is a federal statute that provides the public with the right to request access to records in the possession of federal agencies in the Executive Branch. FOIA establishes a presumption that records are accessible to the people, except for those records protected from disclosure by any of the nine exemptions contained in the law or by one of three special law enforcement record exclusions. The FOIA does not grant an absolute right to examine government documents; the FOIA establishes FOIA establishes the right to request records and to receive a response to the request. If a record cannot be released, the requestor is entitled to be told the reason for the denial. The requester also has a right to appeal the denial and, if necessary, to challenge it in court.

The Electronic FOIA Amendment of 1996 (EFOIA), brought the FOIA into the electronic information age by treating information maintained by agencies in electronic form in generally the same way as paper records. EFOIA promotes the use of advanced information technologies in order to achieve efficient disclosure of information to the public by electronic means. This brought about the electronic reading room. The electronic reading room gives you quick access to records discussed in response to FOIA requests that TTB determines have become or are likely to become the subject of subsequent requests for substantially the same records. These records may include agency policy statements, final opinions, and certain administrative staff manuals.

English: Internal CIA memo, released under the...

English: Internal CIA memo, released under the Freedom of Information Act, describing the CIA’s role in the overthrow of Guatemalan President Jacobo Arbenz. (4 of 5) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

New laws, like the OPEN Government Act of 2007, as well as new policies, such as President Obama’s Memorandum Concerning the Freedom of Information Act (January 21, 2009) and the Attorney General’s Memorandum Concerning the Freedom of Information Act (March 19, 2009), directed agencies to apply a presumption of openness in responding to FOIA requests.  The Attorney General emphasized that the President has called on agencies to work in a spirit of cooperation with FOIA requesters.  The Attorney General FOIA Memo specifically called on agencies not to withhold information just because it technically falls within an exemption but he also encouraged agencies to make discretionary releases of records.

Visit the TTB electronic reading room or read more about TTB’s FOIA program.

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” The Rosicrucian Order”

A Rosicrucian Master's Cross, from the AMORC R...

A Rosicrucian Master’s Cross, from the AMORC Rosicrucian Library in San Jose (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

#AceGuestNews says this is a post courtesy of a member of our “History and Research Group ” and well worth a read.

 

AceGuestViewsThis is his post in its entirety and his views.

 

As a former member of the Rosicrucian Order during the 1970s, I am competent to observe that the original members of this secret society were Gnostic and keepers of their mysterious knowledge. The largest of the modern-day Rosicrucian Orders is “the

 

(AMORC),” which is headquartered in San Jose, California. Currently, AMORC claims no religious affiliation asserting that their beliefs don’t interfere with any faith. Nevertheless, the teachings relate to areas of self-improvement and enlightenment. But, they also deal with subjects such as reincarnation, soul and astral travel, parapsychology, meditation and the esoteric. I suggest that the fundamental philosophy of the “Rosy Cross” is ecumenical in the context of religious appreciation.

 

The beginnings of the Rosicrucian movement are generally thought to be in the 15th or 17th centuries, although some believe that their beginnings date back to ancient Egyptian times. Regardless of when the order actually started, its origins are steeped in mystery. According to popular history, the order came about thanks to a monk named Christian Rosenkreuz, who was born in Germany in 1378. At the age of 16 he traveled to Damascus, Egypt, and Morocco, where he reportedly was tutored by Islamic masters of occult arts. He then returned to Germany and formulated the Rosicrucian Order with three monks from the original cloister that raised him. Rosenkreuz expanded the membership to eight monks and built the Spiritus Sanctum (House of the Holy Spirit), which was completed in 1409. The Spiritus Sanctum became Rosenkreuz’s tomb when he died in 1484 at the age of 106. Knowledge of the tomb was then lost for about 120 years – it was rediscovered in the year 1604, which led to a resurrection of the Rosicrucian Order. The renewed interest has been attributed to the works of a German Lutheran pastor by the name of Johann Valentin Andrae (1586-1654). Andrae published three documents describing the Rosicrucian Order: “The Fama Fraternitas of the Meritorious Order of the Rosy Cross” (1614), “The Confession of the Rosicrucian Fraternity” (1615), and “The Chemical Marriage of Christian Rosenkreuz” (1616).

 

The Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum at Rosicrucian...

The Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum at Rosicrucian Park (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Some modern Rosicrucian groups have differing opinions relative to the story of Rosenkreuz. Some believe that he existed as the above points out, others see the story as a parable that indicates more profound truths, yet still others believe that Christian Rosenkreuz is a pseudonym for whom many believe to be Francis Bacon. Along with the narrative of Christian Rosenkreuz, there is a lesser-known story put forth by a Rosicrucuanist-Mason group known as “Golden and Rosy Cross” in the 18th century that also described the order’s beginnings. In this rendition, the movement began in the year 46 AD, led by an Alexandrian Gnostic sage named Ormus. He and his six followers were evidently converted to Christianity by the disciple Mark; thus, the Rosicrucian Order was formed by combining Christianity, ancient Egyptian and Gnostic mysteries. Still others think that the sect started with pharaoh, Akhenaton in ancient Egypt. However, Rosenkreuz is acknowledged by most Rosicrucian’s as their founder. On his trip to the Middle East and Africa, Rosenkreuz reportedly studied alchemy, astrology, occult magic, exorcism, the Kabbalah and other mystical subjects. The Order spread throughout Europe garnering advocates such as Robert Fludd (1574-1637), who was alleged to be Grand Master of the Priory of Sion, he subsequently published A Compendius Apology for the Fraternity of the Rosy Cross, and Michael Maier (1568 – 1622), a physician of alchemy who helped merge that practice into the groups philosophy.

 

During the pre-launch phase of the “Religious Appreciation FB Group” we will be pleased to receive your comments and queries… We cordially invite you to visit:https://www.facebook.com/groups/ReligiousAppreciation/ We hope you enjoyed reading the brief summary of the Rosicrucian Order…

 

 

 

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” Easter Islands Unique Statues with Editors Video”

#AceHistoryNews says Easter Island’s unique statues are recognisable the world over. Less well-known though equally fascinating, however, is a sacred cult that emerged on the island when these great moaiwere toppled from their platforms and abandoned by the people during a period of conflict and political upheaval. The new social order was centred on a bizarre annual practice that involved swimming to a rocky outcrop (pictured below, left) and bringing back an egg. This eccentric ritual restored stability to the isolated island community before it, too, was abandoned in the 19th century. Now, archaeological investigation combined with documentary evidence is providing us with a vivid insight into the rise of the extraordinary bird-man cult.

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Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, seemingly indomitable in his relentless campaign to conquer Europe, suffered his first defeat on land in 1809, at Aspern in Austria. The hurried burials of the fallen men and horses (pictured above, right) are now being excavated and forensically examined to provide not only a picture of the horrors of war and its aftermath, but also a glimpse into the lives and deaths of the soldiers who perished in the battle.
Warfare in the 20th and 21st centuries presents a very different set of problems for archaeologists compared to those associated with 19th-century battlefields. Our feature on Trench Art reflects a new archaeological discipline that has evolved to address the complex and often emotive issues surrounding conflicts that have taken place within living memory, and over longer time-frames and greater areas than the battles of earlier eras (pictured below, left).
Then we dive beneath the waters to track down the Grey Wolves of the deep (pictured above, right), the much-feared German U-boats which terrorised Allied shipping during both World Wars.
Finally, what does God look like? Could the strange figures found on a scrap of pottery (pictured above) in a remote outpost in Egypt’s Sinai Desert be an early depiction of God and his missus, as the inscription with it suggests?

Courtesy of: Caitlan McCall Editor

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