FEATURED BLOGGER REPORT: Home Front – Big Timber, Montana By Pacific Paratrooper #AceHistoryDesk rep orts

These two articles are from The Big Timber Pioneer newspaper, Thursday, August 30, 1945

Welcome to Big Timber

Prisoners Hanged

Ft. Leavenworth Prison Cemetery; By Gorsedwa, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/

Fort Leavenworth, Kan., Aug. 25 – The Army Saturday hanged 7 German prisoners-of-war in the Fort Leavenworth disciplinary barracks for the murder of a fellow prisoner whom they had accused of being a traitor to the Reich.

All 7 went to the gallows after receiving last rites of the Roman Catholic Church. They were executed for killing Werner Dreschler at the Papago Park, Arizona prisoner of war camp, March 13, 1944.

The hangings took less than three hours. The executions brought to 14 the total number of Nazi POW’s executed at Ft. Leavenworth during the last few weeks.

The 7 went to the gallows without showing any signs of emotion. They had signed statements admitting their guilt. Their defense was that they had read in German newspapers that they should put to death any German who was a traitor. At their trial they said Dreschler had admitted giving information of military value to their captures.

***** ***** *****

Sgt. Nat Clark was on Pioneer Mining Mission

313th Wing B-29 Base, Tinian – One of the 6th Bomb Group fliers who participated in the pioneer mining mission to northern Korean waters on 11 July was SSgt. Nathaniel B. Clark, son of Mr. & Mrs. J.F. Clark, Big Timber, MT. it was revealed here today with the lifting of censorship rules. He is a left blister gunner and by war’s end had flown 29 combat missions in the war against Japan.

On the longest mission of the war, to deny the use of the eastern Korean ports to the already partially blockaded Japanese, Sgt. Clark explained that the crews were briefed to fly 3,500 statute miles to their mine fields just south of Russia, and back to Iwo Jima where they would have to land for fuel. Then it was still 725 miles back to the Tinian base.

The flight was planned to take 16½ hours which in itself was not out of the ordinary, but the length of time the full mine load would be carried was a record 10 hours and 35 minutes.

Loading an aerial mine layer

The job called for hair-splitting navigation, Midas-like use of the available gas, penetration of weather about which little is known and finally a precision radar mine-laying run over a port whose defenses and very contours were not too well known.

“We sweated that one out from our briefing one morning until we landed back on Tinian almost 24 hours later.” Sgt. Clark recalled.

radar mine

One crew was forced to return to Okinawa because of engine trouble, but the other 5 on the pioneer flight landed within a few minutes of the briefed time. One landed at the exact briefed time. The closest call on gas was reported by the crew which landed with only 24 gallons left, scarcely enough to circle the field.

Click on images to enlarge.

##############################################################################################

Military Humor –

##############################################################################################

Farewell Salutes –

Herman Brown – Virginia Beach, VA; US Army, WWII, ETO, 385/76th Division/ 3rd Army

Lester Burks – Willis, TX; US Army, Co. B/513/17th Airborne Division

Pedro ‘Pete’ Contreras – Breckenridge, OK; US Army, WWII, Korea & Vietnam, Lt.Col. (Ret. 30 y.)

Paul Jarret – Phoenix, AZ; US Army, WWII, ETO, Medical Corps, Bronze Star / US Air Force

John ‘Nick’ Kindred – Scarsdale, NY; US Navy, Lt.

James Lemmons – Portland, TN; US Army; Korea, HQ/187th RCT

Charles McCarry – Plainfield, MA; CIA, Cold War, undercover agent

Howard Rein Jr. – Philadelphia, PA; US Navy, WWII, PTO

Morton Siegel – Rye, NY; US Navy, WWII

Eldon Weehler – Loup City, NE; US Army Air Corps, WWII / US Air Force, Korea & Vietnam, Lt. Col. (Ret. 30 y.)

Related

War Trials – WWII – part twoIn “WWII”

WWII German POW returns to say Thanks – Intermission Story (27)In “Current News”

A WWII Native American Nurse in the ETO – Intermission Story (15)In “First-hand Accounts”

Source: https://pacificparatrooper.wordpress.com/2019/03/18/home-front-big-timber-montana/GP Cox

Mar 18

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ Ace News Services Posts https://t.me/AceSocialNews_Bot and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews all private chat messaging on here https://t.me/sharingandcaring

Advertisements

Harry Power Bushranger ~ Harry Power ~ Australian History

KINDNESS

Harry Power Bush ranger.
He was convicted at Salford, Lancashire on 31 August 1840, and was sentenced to transportation for 7 years to Australia for stealing a bridle and saddle, under the name of Henry Johnson, and adhered to that name until he became a ticket-of-leave man.
He was freed in 1848 and moved to Sydney. By now he was calling himself Harry Power.[citation needed]
Power, was engaged driving cattle all over this colony and New South Wales, and afterwards with Captain Denman’s party in exploring and cutting a track across the ranges. In a few years he became a splendid bushman, knowing almost every mile of the country. During all this time he appears to have been getting an honest living, even when he kept a horse yard at Geelong, which is ostensibly a respectable calling. One incident changed his whole career. He was riding one of his own…

View original post 405 more words

#OnThisDay 29 years ago today, thousands of Iraqi Kurds were killed when their village of Halabja was gassed in the closing months of the Iran-Iraq War: Kurdish militants continued to attack the Iraqis throughout the war as the military struggled to push back the Iranians who had managed to invade Iraqi territory in 1982 #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Mar.16: #OnThisDay Twenty nine years ago when the Iran-Iraq War broke out in 1980, Kurdish separatists accepted Iranian arms and money and began to attack Iraqi forces in areas across northern Iraq: Kurdish militants continued to attack the Iraqis throughout the war as the military struggled to push back the Iranians who had managed to invade Iraqi territory in 1982, representing a threat to their areas. In 1988, Kurdish militant factions began aiding the Iranians to enter Iraqi territory from the north as part of a last-ditch offensive that they hoped will allow them to carve out their own turf #AceHistoryDesk reports

Summary: 29 years ago today, thousands of Iraqi Kurds were killed when their village of Halabja was gassed in the closing months of the Iran-Iraq War.

What: Mass killing of Kurds in chemical weapon attack

When: 16 March 1988

Where: Halabja, northern Iraq

What happened?

Image taken during the Halabja massacre which took the lives of thousands of Iraqi Kurds during the 1988 Iran-Iraq war [file photo]

Image taken during the Halabja massacre which took the lives of thousands of Iraqi Kurds during the 1988 Iran-Iraq war [file photo]

Seeing the threat forming inside their northern territory, then-President Saddam Hussein decided to take action, and began using chemical weapons against Iranian military formations who also possessed chemical weapons. In the ensuing violence, the village of Halabja, occupied by Iranian forces who began to withdraw in the face of Iraqi counterattacks, was subjected to a chemical weapon attack involving cyanide gas (a chemical agent in the Iranian arsenal). Over 3,000 Kurdish civilians died as a result.

What happened next?

In the immediate aftermath of the incident, the US government said that Iran was to blame and was responsible for the attack. Researchers and academics remained conflicted about who held ultimate responsibility, particularly as Washington later changed its mind and blamed the Iraqi Ba’athist regime as part of its campaign to rally public support against Iraqi President Saddam Hussein prior to the US military offensive to liberate Kuwait in 1991. Video footage from the time also appeared to show an F-4 Phantom, used by the Iranian regime, flying over Halabja.

However, whether the Iranians or the Iraqis were responsible, following the 2003 US-led invasion of Iraq and the toppling of Saddam’s regime, senior Ba’ath regime official Ali Hassan Al-Majid, nicknamed “Chemical Ali”, was condemned to death by an Iraqi court in 2010 for the Halabja massacre. He was hanged on 25 January 2010, but Saddam himself was never charged with the offence.

Image of the grave yard which rests thousands of Iraqi Kurds who were killed when their village of Halabja was gassed during the Iran-Iraq War [file photo]Image of the graveyard which rests thousands of Iraqi Kurds who were killed when their village of Halabja was gassed during the 1988 Iran-Iraq War [file photo].@thewarjournal

March 16, 2017 at 9:58 am: The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Monitor

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ Ace News Services Posts https://t.me/AceSocialNews_Bot and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews all private chat messaging on here https://t.me/sharingandcaring

Finding the Lost Ships

IHRA

Since 2017, R/V Petrel’s team has been locating wreckage of Japanese and American ships that were sunk during World War II. To date, 23 ships have been discovered, the most recent of which is the USS Hornet, the aircraft carrier from which the Doolittle Raid began. A reporter from CBS This Morning tagged along on the hunt for the USS Hornet, giving us an idea about the process behind finding one of these ships.

Part 1:

Part 2:

Want to read more about the work of the R/V Petrel team? Read this captivating article on the discovery of the USS Wasp.

View original post

Highlights in history on this date: 12 March ~ Did You KNOW THIS ✔

KINDNESS

Highlights in history on this date:

1325 – Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire, is founded.

1639 – America’s famous Harvard University is named for clergyman John Harvard.

1781 – Sir William Herschel discovers Uranus.

1852 – Familiar symbol of the United States, Uncle Sam, makes his debut as a cartoon character in the New York Lantern.

1881 – Russia’s Tsar Alexander II is assassinated and succeeded by Alexander III.

1906 – Death of Susan B Anthony, pioneer and leader of the women’s suffrage movement in the United States.

1943 – A plot to kill German leader Adolf Hitler ends in failure when a bomb planted by German officers on his plane fails to detonate.

1967 – Death of Sir Frank Worrell, West Indian cricket captain, who was knighted in 1964 for his contributions to the sport.

1969 – The Apollo 9 astronauts splash down, ending a mission that…

View original post 459 more words

FEATURED BLOGGER REPORT: OSS in Kunming, China By Pacific Paratrooper #AceHistoryDesk reports

The OSS group that included Julia Child and her future husband Paul found themselves in a flood in mid-August 1945. But what they were encountering was nothing compared to the civilians. Chinese villages of mud huts were “melting like chocolate.” Farmers drowned in their own fields. As the flooding began to subside, Japan was hit with the second atomic bomb.

Julia Child with OSS colleagues

The incoming Russian soldiers only added to the Pandora’s box that was already opened in China. The OSS HQ in Kunming went into overdrive. Eight mercy missions were launched to protect the 20,000 American and Allied POW’s and about 15,000 civilian internees.

Elizabeth McIntosh w/ colleagues during Kunming flood

All the frantic preparations – for rescue operations, food and medical drops and evacuation – had to undertaken despite the weather conditions. Adding to the drama was the uncertain fate of the 6-man OSS team dispatched to Mukden in Manchuria to rescue General “Skinny” Wainwright, who endured capture along with his men since Corregidor in May 1942.

There was also evidence that other high-ranking Allied officials were held in the camp, such as General Arthur E. Percival, the former commander of Singapore.

On August 28, 1945, General Jonathan Wainwright steps down from a C-47 transport in Chunking, China, after three arduous years in a Japanese prison camp.

The OSS mercy missions were treated very badly. Officers were held up by Chinese soldiers and robbed of the arms and valuables. The mood in China was changing very quickly. Even in Chungking, the Chinese troops were becoming anti-foreign and uncooperative.

Word from Hanoi was that the OSS was beset with problems there as well. Thousands of still-armed Japanese were attempting to keep order in French Indochina. Paul Child told his brother he well expected a civil war to start there very soon. The French refused to recognize the Republic of Vietnam and worked with the British to push for “restoration of white supremacy in the Orient”.

OSS in Ho Chi Minh, Indochina

The French were becoming more and more anti-American. They were using agents with stolen US uniforms to provoke brawls and cause disturbances. The British were dropping arms to French guerrilla forces to be used to put down the independence movement.

In Kunming, the streets were littered with red paper victory signs and exploded fireworks. Some of the signs were written in English and bore inscriptions reading, “Thank you, President Roosevelt and President Chiang!” and “Hooray for Final Glorious Victory!” Paper dragons 60-feet long whirled through alleyways, followed by civilians with flutes, gongs and drums.

The weeks that followed would be a letdown. Most of them were unprepared for the abrupt end to the war. Peace had brought a sudden vacuum. One day there was purpose and then – nothing had any meaning. The OSS would go back to their drab civilian lives.

Click on images to enlarge.

#############################################################################################

“Secret ?” Military Humor –

CIA, ‘It’s Ferguson, our ‘Master of Disguise,’ sir — he’s having an identity crisis.’

‘I don’t have any formal training, but I do own the complet boxed set of ‘Get Smart’ DVD’s.’

##############################################################################################

Farewell Salutes –

Robert Dalton Jr. – Charlotte, NC; US Army, WWII, ETO, Bronze Star, Purple Heart

Clinton Daniel – Anderson, SC; US Army, WWII, PTO

Richard Farden – Rochester, NY; US Army Air Corps, WWII, ETO, 95th Bomber Group/8th Air Force

Murphy Jones Sr. – Baton Rouge, LA; US Air Force, Vietnam, Colonel, ‘Hanoi Hilton’ POW

Robert Haas – Toledo, OH; US Army Air Corps, WWII, PTO, Co C/127 Engineers/11th Airborne Division

Dorothy Holmes – Colorado Springs, CO; US Air Force, Korea & Vietnam, Chief Master Sgt. (Ret. 30 y.)

Arnold ‘Pete’ Petersen – Centerville, UT; US Army, Vietnam, 101st Airborne Division, Purple Heart

Alfred Rodrigues Sr. (99) – HI; US Navy, WWII, Pearl Harbor survivor

Tito Squeo – Molfetta, ITA; US Merchant Marines, WWII, diesel engineer

Joseph Wait – Atlanta, GA; US Navy, WWII, PTO, pilot

##############################################################################################

Related

OSS in the C.B.I. – 1945In “WWII”

ALLIED spies & saboteursIn “WWII”

Women in WWIIIn “Home Front”

Source: https://pacificparatrooper.wordpress.com/2019/03/07/oss-in-kunming-china/GP Cox

Mar 7

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ Ace News Services Posts https://t.me/AceSocialNews_Bot and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews all private chat messaging on here https://t.me/sharingandcaring

FEATURED BLOGGER REPORT: Soviet Invasion – August 1945 By Pacific Paratrooper #AceHistoryDesk report s

Stalin’s simple purpose for declaring war against Japan was for territorial gain, for which he was prepared to pay heavily. Before launching their assault in Manchuria, the Soviets made provision for 540,000 casualties, including 160,000 dead. This was a forecast almost certainly founded upon an assessment of Japanese strength, similar to what the US estimated for a landing at Kyushu.

Manchurian operation map

Since 1941, Stalin had maintained larger forces on the Manchurian border than the Western Allies ever knew about. In the summer of 1945, he reinforced strongly, to create a mass sufficient to bury the Japanese. Three thousand locomotives labored along the thin Trans-Siberian railway. Men, tanks and matérial made a month-long trek from eastern Europe.

MANCHURIA: RED ARMY, 1945.
A Soviet marine waving the ensign of the Soviet navy as Soviet airplanes fly overhead after the victory over the Japanese occupation troops in Port Arthur, South Manchuria. Picture taken August 1945 by Yevgeni Khaldei.

Moscow was determined to disguise this migration. Soldiers were ordered to remove their medals and paint their guns with “On To Berlin” slogans. But train stations were often lined with locals, yelling support for them to fight the Japanese. So much for secrecy.

Some of the men thought they were returning home. After 4 years of war, they were dismayed to be continuing on. “Myself, I couldn’t help thinking what a pity it would be to die in a little war after surviving a big one,” said Oleg Smirnov.

After traveling 6,000 miles from Europe, some units marched the last 200 miles through the treeless Mongolian desert. “I’d taken part in plenty of offenses, but I’d never seen a build-up like this one,” said one soldier. “Trains arriving one after another… Even the sky was crowded: there were always bombers, sturmoviks, transports overhead.”

MANCHURIA, AUGUST 1945. Japanese cavalry troops along the Amur River in Manchukuo.

Machine-gunner Anatoly Silov found himself at a wayside station where he was presented with 5 mechanics, 130 raw recruits and crates containing 260 Studebaker, Chevrolet and Dodge trucks he was ordered to assemble. “As the infantry marched, the earth smelt not of sagebrush but of petrol.” Most of the men lost their appetites for food and cigarettes, caring only about thirst.”

By early August, 136,000 railway cars had transferred eastwards of a million men, 100,000 trucks, 410 million rounds of small-arms ammo, and 3.2 million shells. Even firewood had to be cut in forests and shipped 400 miles. “Many of the guys rubbished the Americans for wanting other people to do their fighting,” said Oleg Smirnov.

As troops approached the frontier, their camouflage and deception schemes were used to mask their movements. Generals traveled under false names. These veterans of the Eastern front were up against 713,724 of the so-called Manchukuo Army of which 170,000 were local Chinese collaborators. The Japanese weapons were totally outclassed by the Soviets’. Many mortars were homemade, some bayonets were forged from the springs of discarded vehicles.

MANCHURIA: RED ARMY, 1945.
Soviet troops in Harbin in Manchuria, after their victory over the Japanese occupation troops, 1945.

On 8 August 1945, the Soviet troops were told, “The time has come to erase the black stain of history from out homeland….” To achieve surprise, the Soviets denied themselves air reconnaissance. The 15th Army crossed the Amur River with the aid of a makeshift flotilla of commercial steamships, barges and pontoons. Gunboats dueled with the shore batteries. One Soviet armored brigade made it 62 miles into Manchuria before the rear units made it ashore.

The Japanese Guandong Army had suffered a tactical surprise by overwhelming forces. On the morning of 9 August, the Japanese commander, Otozo Yamada, called the Manchukuo Emperor, Pu Yi. Yamada’s assertions of confidence in victory were somewhat discredited by the sudden scream of air raid sirens and the concussions of Russian bombs. Pu Yi, a hypochondriac prey to superstition and prone to tears, an immature creature at 39, heartless in ruling his people, now was extremely paranoid and terrified of being killed.

Click on images to enlarge.

##############################################################################################

(Russian ?) Military Humor –

YOU get the CAR where IT needs to be!!

##############################################################################################

Farewell Salutes –

Mason Ashby – Floyds Knoles, IN, US Army, WWII, PTO

Donald Catron – Logan, UT; US Merchant Marines, WWII / US Army, 11th Airborne Division

Arthur Dappolonio – Boston, MA; US Army Air Corps, WWII

William Gutmann – KY; US Navy, WWII, PTO, USS Siboney, medic

Henry James – Rolla, ND; US Army Air Corps, WWII, PTO, SSgt., 3 Bronze Stars, Purple Heart

James Knight – Longview, WA; US Army Air Corps, WWII, PTO, 11th Airborne Division

Robert Lundberg – Erie, PA; US Army Air Corps, WWII,ETO, P-47 mechanic

James Petrie – Rangiora, NZ; 2NZEF # 19483, WWII, ETO, Pvt.

Roy Theodore – Lestock, CAN; Crash Rescue Firefighter, WWII, ETO

Eugene Williams – Washington D.C.; US Navy, WWII, ETO, LST, Purple Heart

##############################################################################################

Related

Japan – June 1945In “WWII”

Kamikaze Pilot Took His Wife On Fatal FlightIn “First-hand Accounts”

Background for KoreaIn “Korean War”

Source: https://pacificparatrooper.wordpress.com/2019/03/04/soviet-invasion-august-1945/GP Cox

Mar 4

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ Ace News Services Posts https://t.me/AceSocialNews_Bot and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews all private chat messaging on here https://t.me/sharingandcaring