On #ThisDayinHistory 1881, humanitarians Clara Barton and Adolphus Solomons founded the American National Red Cross, an organization established to provide humanitarian aid to victims of wars and natural disasters in congruence with the International Red Cross #AceNewsDesk reports

#AceNewsReport – May.21: Barton, born in Massachusetts in 1821, worked with the sick and wounded during the American Civil War and became known as the “Angel of the Battlefield” for her tireless dedication: In 1865, President Abraham Lincoln commissioned her to search for lost prisoners of war, and with the extensive records she had compiled during the war she succeeded in identifying thousands of the Union dead at the Andersonville prisoner-of-war camp #AceNewsDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8587 She was in Europe in 1870 when the Franco-Prussian War broke out, and she went behind the German lines to work for the International Red Cross: In 1873, she returned to the United States, and four years later she organized an American branch of the International Red Cross………………The American Red Cross received its first U.S. federal charter in 1900…………..Barton headed the organization into her 80s and died in 1912. #RedCross #ClaraBarton #NursingHistory #history #USHistory #OTD

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On #ThisDayinHistory 1927, American aviator Charles A. Lindbergh takes off from New York’s Roosevelt Field on the world’s first solo, nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean and the first ever nonstop flight between New York to Paris #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – May.20: Lindbergh was a dark horse when he entered a competition to fly nonstop from New York to Paris: He ordered a small monoplane, configured it to his own design, and christened it the Spirit of St. Louis in tribute to his sponsor–the St. Louis Chamber of Commerce #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8577: His greatest challenge was staying awake; he had to hold his eyelids open with his fingers and hallucinated ghosts passing through the cockpit: The next afternoon, after flying 3,610 miles in 33 1/2 hours, Lindbergh landed at Le Bourget field in Paris, becoming the first pilot to accomplish the solo, nonstop transatlantic crossing………………….Lindbergh’s achievement made him an international celebrity and won widespread public acceptance of the airplane and commercial aviation. #LuckyLindy #Historytakesflight #SpiritofStLouis #CharlesLindbergh #Aviation #OTD

#Brittius says …… From an airfield, it became a race track for trotters, now it is a shopping mall area.

http://www.airfields-freeman.com/NY/Airfields_NY.htm

https://www.google.com/maps/place/Roosevelt+Field/@40.7380528,-73.6100746,15.96z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x89c27d7c3799f1b1:0xe6dbab6579494bb6!8m2!3d40.7380631!4d-73.6128077

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#OnThisDay Texas A&M University: The school that became Texas A&M University, the first public institution of higher education in Texas, was founded in 1871 as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas: Membership in the Corps of Cadets became voluntary, and the school became racially integrated and coeducational #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – May.14: Established under the Morrill Act of 1862, it was originally proposed as a branch of the yet-to-be-created University of Texas, but the Texas legislature never gave that university any authority over Texas A&M. For much of its first century, enrollment was restricted to white men who were willing to participate in the Corps of Cadets and receive military training #AceHistoryDesk reports

Shortly after World War II, the legislature redefined Texas A&M as a university and the flagship school of the Texas A&M University System, cementing the school’s status as an institution separate from the University of Texas: In the 1960s, the state legislature renamed the school Texas A&M University, with the “A&M” becoming purely symbolic. Membership in the Corps of Cadets became voluntary, and the school became racially integrated and coeducational: https://t.me/acenewsgroup/490993

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#ThisMonthinHistory 1989, following the death of the deposed reform-minded leader of the Chinese Communist P arty Hu Yaobang, around 100,000 students gathered at Beijing’s Tiananmen Square to voice their disco ntent with China’s authoritative communist government #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Apr.28: A failing in negotiations related to commemoration eventually led to a general boycott of Chinese universities across the country and widespread calls for democratic reforms: Ignoring government warnings of violent suppression of any mass demonstration, students from more than 40 universities began a march to Tiananmen on ….#ThisDayinHistory April 27. The students were joined by workers, intellectuals, and civil servants, and by mid-May more than a million people filled the square #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8437: On May 20, the government formally declared martial law in Beijing, and troops and tanks were called in to disperse the dissidents. On June 3, with negotiations ending, protests stalled, and escalating calls for democratic reforms, the troops received orders from the Chinese government to reclaim Tiananmen at all costs…………………………By the end of the next day, Chinese troops had forcibly cleared Tiananmen Square and Beijing’s streets, killing hundreds of demonstrators and arresting thousands of protesters and other suspected dissidents. In the weeks after the government crackdown, an unknown number of dissidents were executed, and communist hard-liners took firm control of the country. #TiananmenSquare #China #History #Beijing #JuneFourthIncident #六四事件 #OTD #TMinH #AceHistoryNews

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On #ThisDayinHistory 1986, the world’s worst ever civil nuclear disaster to date occurs at the #Cher nobyl nuclear plant in #Ukraine: The full toll from this disaster is still being tallied 32 years later, but experts believe that thousands of people died and as many as 70,000 suffered severe poisoning #AceHistoryDe sk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Apr.26: In addition, a large area of land may not be habitable for as much as 150 years. The 18-mile radius around #Chernobyl was home to almost 150,000 people who had to be permanently relocated #AceHistoryDesk reports

In #Ukraine, in the first 5 years after the disaster, cases of cancer among children increased by over 90%. And, during the first 20 years after the accident, approximately 5,000 cases of thyroid cancer were registered in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus among those who were younger than eighteen at the time of the explosion………….The World Health Organization estimates that approximately 5,000 cancer deaths were related to the Chernobyl accident, but this figure is often challenged by independent experts…………….It took nine years after the fall of the USSR to close the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station and more than 25 years to build a new shelter over the damaged reactor. #Chernobyl #Nuclear #History #Ukraine #History
#OTD

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On #ThisDayinHistory 75 years ago, Nazi forces attempting to clear out Warsaw’s Jewish ghetto are me t by gunfire from Jewish resistance fighters, and the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins: Shortly after the Germa n occupation of Poland began, the Nazis forced the city’s Jewish citizens into a “ghetto ” surrounded by barbwire and armed SS guards #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Apr.20: The Warsaw ghetto occupied an area of less than two square miles but soon held almost 500,000 Jews in deplorable conditions: Disease and starvation killed thousands every month, and beginning in July 1942, 6,000 Jews per day were transferred to the Treblinka concentration camp…………………An underground resistance group was established in the ghetto–the Jewish Combat Organization (ZOB)–and limited arms were acquired at great cost #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8372: On April 19, Nazi leader Heinrich Himmler announced that the ghetto was to be emptied of its residents in honor of Hitler’s birthday the following day, and more than 1,000 S.S. soldiers entered the confines with tanks and heavy artillery: Although many of the ghetto’s remaining 60,000 Jewish dwellers attempted to hide themselves in secret bunkers, more than 1,000 ZOB members met the Germans with gunfire and homemade bombs: Suffering moderate casualties, the Germans initially withdrew but soon returned, and on April 24 launched an all-out attack against the Warsaw Jews……………Thousands were slaughtered………….The ZOB took to the sewers to continue the fight, but on May 8 their command bunker fell to the Germans and their leaders committed suicide………..By May 16, the ghetto was firmly under Nazi control, and mass deportation of the last Warsaw Jews to Treblinka began…………..During the uprising, some 300 German soldiers were killed, and thousands of Warsaw Jews were massacred…………..Virtually all those who survived the Uprising to reach Treblinka were dead by the end of the war. #1943 #History #WWII #WarsawGhetto 📷: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum #OTD #AceHistoryNews

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On #ThisDayinHistory 1906, the Great San Francisco Earthquake happens at 5:13 a.m: The quake was an estimated 8.0 on the Richter scale, and it killed hundreds of people and toppled numerous buildings: The quake was caused by a slip of the San Andreas Fault over a segment about 275 miles long, and shock waves could be felt from southern Oregon down to Los Angeles #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – Apr.18: San Francisco’s brick buildings and wooden Victorian structures were especially devastated: Fires immediately broke out and–because broken water mains prevented firefighters from stopping them–firestorms soon developed citywide #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8362 At 7 a.m., U.S. Army troops from Fort Mason reported to the Hall of Justice, and San Francisco Mayor E.E. Schmitz called for the enforcement of a dusk-to-dawn curfew and authorized soldiers to shoot-to-kill anyone found looting: Meanwhile, in the face of significant aftershocks, firefighters and U.S. troops fought desperately to control the ongoing fire, often dynamiting whole city blocks to create firewalls…………………On April 20, 20,000 refugees trapped by the massive fire were evacuated from the foot of Van Ness Avenue onto the USS Chicago…………By April 23, most fires were extinguished, and authorities commenced the task of rebuilding the devastated metropolis………………….It was estimated that some 3,000 people died as a result of the Great San Francisco Earthquake and the devastating fires it inflicted upon the city……………….Almost 30,000 buildings were destroyed, including most of the city’s homes and nearly all the central business district. #SanFrancisco #Earthquake #History #USHistory #TurnoftheCentury #OTD

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